apache

Table of Contents

  1. Module description - What is the apache module, and what does it do?
  2. Setup - The basics of getting started with apache
  3. Usage - The classes and defined types available for configuration
  4. Reference - An under-the-hood peek at what the module is doing and how
  5. Limitations - OS compatibility, etc.
  6. Development - Guide for contributing to the module

Module description

Apache HTTP Server (also called Apache HTTPD, or simply Apache) is a widely used web server. This Puppet module simplifies the task of creating configurations to manage Apache servers in your infrastructure. It can configure and manage a range of virtual host setups and provides a streamlined way to install and configure Apache modules.

Setup

What the apache module affects:

  • Configuration files and directories (created and written to)
    • WARNING: Configurations not managed by Puppet will be purged.
  • Package/service/configuration files for Apache
  • Apache modules
  • Virtual hosts
  • Listened-to ports
  • /etc/make.conf on FreeBSD and Gentoo

On Gentoo, this module depends on the gentoo/puppet-portage Puppet module. Note that while several options apply or enable certain features and settings for Gentoo, it is not a supported operating system for this module.

Warning: This module modifies Apache configuration files and directories and purges any configuration not managed by Puppet. Apache configuration should be managed by Puppet, as unmanaged configuration files can cause unexpected failures.

To temporarily disable full Puppet management, set the purge_configs parameter in the apache class declaration to false. We recommend this only as a temporary means of saving and relocating customized configurations.

Beginning with Apache

To have Puppet install Apache with the default parameters, declare the apache class:

class { 'apache': }

When you declare this class with the default options, the module:

  • Installs the appropriate Apache software package and required Apache modules for your operating system.
  • Places the required configuration files in a directory, with the default location Depends on operating system.
  • Configures the server with a default virtual host and standard port ('80') and address ('*') bindings.
  • Creates a document root directory Depends on operating system, typically /var/www.
  • Starts the Apache service.

Apache defaults depend on your operating system. These defaults work in testing environments but are not suggested for production. We recommend customizing the class's parameters to suit your site.

For instance, this declaration installs Apache without the apache module's default virtual host configuration, allowing you to customize all Apache virtual hosts:

class { 'apache':
  default_vhost => false,
}

Note: When default_vhost is set to false, you have to add at least one apache::vhost resource or Apache will not start. To establish a default virtual host, either set the default_vhost in the apache class or use the apache::vhost defined type. You can also configure additional specific virtual hosts with the apache::vhost defined type.

Usage

Configuring virtual hosts

The default apache class sets up a virtual host on port 80, listening on all interfaces and serving the docroot parameter's default directory of /var/www.

To configure basic name-based virtual hosts, specify the port and docroot parameters in the apache::vhost defined type:

apache::vhost { 'vhost.example.com':
  port    => '80',
  docroot => '/var/www/vhost',
}

See the apache::vhost defined type's reference for a list of all virtual host parameters.

Note: Apache processes virtual hosts in alphabetical order, and server administrators can prioritize Apache's virtual host processing by prefixing a virtual host's configuration file name with a number. The apache::vhost defined type applies a default priority of 15, which Puppet interprets by prefixing the virtual host's file name with 15-. This all means that if multiple sites have the same priority, or if you disable priority numbers by setting the priority parameter's value to false, Apache still processes virtual hosts in alphabetical order.

To configure user and group ownership for docroot, use the docroot_owner and docroot_group parameters:

apache::vhost { 'user.example.com':
  port          => '80',
  docroot       => '/var/www/user',
  docroot_owner => 'www-data',
  docroot_group => 'www-data',
}

Configuring virtual hosts with SSL

To configure a virtual host to use SSL encryption and default SSL certificates, set the ssl parameter. You must also specify the port parameter, typically with a value of '443', to accommodate HTTPS requests:

apache::vhost { 'ssl.example.com':
  port    => '443',
  docroot => '/var/www/ssl',
  ssl     => true,
}

To configure a virtual host to use SSL and specific SSL certificates, use the paths to the certificate and key in the ssl_cert and ssl_key parameters, respectively:

apache::vhost { 'cert.example.com':
  port     => '443',
  docroot  => '/var/www/cert',
  ssl      => true,
  ssl_cert => '/etc/ssl/fourth.example.com.cert',
  ssl_key  => '/etc/ssl/fourth.example.com.key',
}

To configure a mix of SSL and unencrypted virtual hosts at the same domain, declare them with separate apache::vhost defined types:

# The non-ssl virtual host
apache::vhost { 'mix.example.com non-ssl':
  servername => 'mix.example.com',
  port       => '80',
  docroot    => '/var/www/mix',
}

# The SSL virtual host at the same domain
apache::vhost { 'mix.example.com ssl':
  servername => 'mix.example.com',
  port       => '443',
  docroot    => '/var/www/mix',
  ssl        => true,
}

To configure a virtual host to redirect unencrypted connections to SSL, declare them with separate apache::vhost defined types and redirect unencrypted requests to the virtual host with SSL enabled:

apache::vhost { 'redirect.example.com non-ssl':
  servername      => 'redirect.example.com',
  port            => '80',
  docroot         => '/var/www/redirect',
  redirect_status => 'permanent',
  redirect_dest   => 'https://redirect.example.com/'
}

apache::vhost { 'redirect.example.com ssl':
  servername => 'redirect.example.com',
  port       => '443',
  docroot    => '/var/www/redirect',
  ssl        => true,
}

Configuring virtual host port and address bindings

Virtual hosts listen on all IP addresses ('*') by default. To configure the virtual host to listen on a specific IP address, use the ip parameter:

apache::vhost { 'ip.example.com':
  ip      => '127.0.0.1',
  port    => '80',
  docroot => '/var/www/ip',
}

You can also configure more than one IP address per virtual host by using an array of IP addresses for the ip parameter:

apache::vhost { 'ip.example.com':
  ip      => ['127.0.0.1','169.254.1.1'],
  port    => '80',
  docroot => '/var/www/ip',
}

You can configure multiple ports per virtual host by using an array of ports for the port parameter:

apache::vhost { 'ip.example.com':
  ip      => ['127.0.0.1'],
  port    => ['80','8080']
  docroot => '/var/www/ip',
}

To configure a virtual host with aliased servers, refer to the aliases using the serveraliases parameter:

apache::vhost { 'aliases.example.com':
  serveraliases => [
    'aliases.example.org',
    'aliases.example.net',
  ],
  port          => '80',
  docroot       => '/var/www/aliases',
}

To set up a virtual host with a wildcard alias for the subdomain mapped to a directory of the same name, such as 'http://example.com.loc' mapped to /var/www/example.com, define the wildcard alias using the serveraliases parameter and the document root with the virtual_docroot parameter:

apache::vhost { 'subdomain.loc':
  vhost_name      => '*',
  port            => '80',
  virtual_docroot => '/var/www/%-2+',
  docroot         => '/var/www',
  serveraliases   => ['*.loc',],
}

To configure a virtual host with filter rules, pass the filter directives as an array using the filters parameter:

apache::vhost { 'subdomain.loc':
  port    => '80',
  filters => [
    'FilterDeclare  COMPRESS',
    'FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $text/html',
    'FilterChain    COMPRESS',
    'FilterProtocol COMPRESS DEFLATE change=yes;byteranges=no',
  ],
  docroot => '/var/www/html',
}

Configuring virtual hosts for apps and processors

To set up a virtual host with suPHP, use the following parameters:

For example:

apache::vhost { 'suphp.example.com':
  port             => '80',
  docroot          => '/home/appuser/myphpapp',
  suphp_addhandler => 'x-httpd-php',
  suphp_engine     => 'on',
  suphp_configpath => '/etc/php5/apache2',
  directories      => [
    { 'path'  => '/home/appuser/myphpapp',
      'suphp' => {
        user  => 'myappuser',
        group => 'myappgroup',
      },
    },
  ],
}

To configure a virtual host to use the Web Server Gateway Interface (WSGI) for Python applications, use the wsgi set of parameters:

apache::vhost { 'wsgi.example.com':
  port                        => '80',
  docroot                     => '/var/www/pythonapp',
  wsgi_application_group      => '%{GLOBAL}',
  wsgi_daemon_process         => 'wsgi',
  wsgi_daemon_process_options => {
    processes    => '2',
    threads      => '15',
    display-name => '%{GROUP}',
  },
  wsgi_import_script          => '/var/www/demo.wsgi',
  wsgi_import_script_options  => {
    process-group     => 'wsgi',
    application-group => '%{GLOBAL}',
  },
  wsgi_process_group          => 'wsgi',
  wsgi_script_aliases         => { '/' => '/var/www/demo.wsgi' },
}

As of Apache 2.2.16, Apache supports FallbackResource, a simple replacement for common RewriteRules. You can set a FallbackResource using the fallbackresource parameter:

apache::vhost { 'wordpress.example.com':
  port             => '80',
  docroot          => '/var/www/wordpress',
  fallbackresource => '/index.php',
}

Note: The fallbackresource parameter only supports the 'disabled' value since Apache 2.2.24.

To configure a virtual host with a designated directory for Common Gateway Interface (CGI) files, use the scriptalias parameter to define the cgi-bin path:

apache::vhost { 'cgi.example.com':
  port        => '80',
  docroot     => '/var/www/cgi',
  scriptalias => '/usr/lib/cgi-bin',
}

To configure a virtual host for Rack, use the rack_base_uris parameter:

apache::vhost { 'rack.example.com':
  port           => '80',
  docroot        => '/var/www/rack',
  rack_base_uris => ['/rackapp1', '/rackapp2'],
}

Configuring IP-based virtual hosts

You can configure IP-based virtual hosts to listen on any port and have them respond to requests on specific IP addresses. In this example, the server listens on ports 80 and 81, because the example virtual hosts are not declared with a port parameter:

apache::listen { '80': }

apache::listen { '81': }

Configure the IP-based virtual hosts with the ip_based parameter:

apache::vhost { 'first.example.com':
  ip       => '10.0.0.10',
  docroot  => '/var/www/first',
  ip_based => true,
}

apache::vhost { 'second.example.com':
  ip       => '10.0.0.11',
  docroot  => '/var/www/second',
  ip_based => true,
}

You can also configure a mix of IP- and name-based virtual hosts in any combination of SSL and unencrypted configurations.

In this example, we add two IP-based virtual hosts on an IP address (in this example, 10.0.0.10). One uses SSL and the other is unencrypted:

apache::vhost { 'The first IP-based virtual host, non-ssl':
  servername => 'first.example.com',
  ip         => '10.0.0.10',
  port       => '80',
  ip_based   => true,
  docroot    => '/var/www/first',
}

apache::vhost { 'The first IP-based vhost, ssl':
  servername => 'first.example.com',
  ip         => '10.0.0.10',
  port       => '443',
  ip_based   => true,
  docroot    => '/var/www/first-ssl',
  ssl        => true,
}

Next, we add two name-based virtual hosts listening on a second IP address (10.0.0.20):

apache::vhost { 'second.example.com':
  ip      => '10.0.0.20',
  port    => '80',
  docroot => '/var/www/second',
}

apache::vhost { 'third.example.com':
  ip      => '10.0.0.20',
  port    => '80',
  docroot => '/var/www/third',
}

To add name-based virtual hosts that answer on either 10.0.0.10 or 10.0.0.20, you must disable the Apache default Listen 80, as it conflicts with the preceding IP-based virtual hosts. To do this, set the add_listen parameter to false:

apache::vhost { 'fourth.example.com':
  port       => '80',
  docroot    => '/var/www/fourth',
  add_listen => false,
}

apache::vhost { 'fifth.example.com':
  port       => '80',
  docroot    => '/var/www/fifth',
  add_listen => false,
}

Installing Apache modules

There are two ways to install Apache modules using the Puppet apache module:

Installing specific modules

The Puppet apache module supports installing many common Apache modules, often with parameterized configuration options. For a list of supported Apache modules, see the apache::mod::<MODULE NAME> class references.

For example, you can install the mod_ssl Apache module with default settings by declaring the apache::mod::ssl class:

class { 'apache::mod::ssl': }

apache::mod::ssl has several parameterized options that you can set when declaring it. For instance, to enable mod_ssl with compression enabled, set the ssl_compression parameter to true:

class { 'apache::mod::ssl':
  ssl_compression => true,
}

Note that some modules have prerequisites, which are documented in their references under apache::mod::<MODULE NAME>.

Installing arbitrary modules

You can pass the name of any module that your operating system's package manager can install to the apache::mod defined type to install it. Unlike the specific-module classes, the apache::mod defined type doesn't tailor the installation based on other installed modules or with specific parameters---Puppet only grabs and installs the module's package, leaving detailed configuration up to you.

For example, to install the mod_authnz_external Apache module, declare the defined type with the 'mod_authnz_external' name:

apache::mod { 'mod_authnz_external': }

There are several optional parameters you can specify when defining Apache modules this way. See the defined type's reference for details.

Configuring FastCGI servers to handle PHP files

Add the apache::fastcgi::server defined type to allow FastCGI servers to handle requests for specific files. For example, the following defines a FastCGI server at 127.0.0.1 (localhost) on port 9000 to handle PHP requests:

apache::fastcgi::server { 'php':
  host       => '127.0.0.1:9000',
  timeout    => 15,
  flush      => false,
  faux_path  => '/var/www/php.fcgi',
  fcgi_alias => '/php.fcgi',
  file_type  => 'application/x-httpd-php'
}

You can then use the custom_fragment parameter to configure the virtual host to have the FastCGI server handle the specified file type:

apache::vhost { 'www':
  ...
  custom_fragment => 'AddType application/x-httpd-php .php'
  ...
}

Load balancing examples

Apache supports load balancing across groups of servers through the mod_proxy Apache module. Puppet supports configuring Apache load balancing groups (also known as balancer clusters) through the apache::balancer and apache::balancermember defined types.

To enable load balancing with exported resources, export the apache::balancermember defined type from the load balancer member server:

@@apache::balancermember { "${::fqdn}-puppet00":
  balancer_cluster => 'puppet00',
  url              => "ajp://${::fqdn}:8009",
  options          => ['ping=5', 'disablereuse=on', 'retry=5', 'ttl=120'],
}

Then, on the proxy server, create the load balancing group:

apache::balancer { 'puppet00': }

To enable load balancing without exporting resources, declare the following on the proxy server:

apache::balancer { 'puppet00': }

apache::balancermember { "${::fqdn}-puppet00":
  balancer_cluster => 'puppet00',
  url              => "ajp://${::fqdn}:8009",
  options          => ['ping=5', 'disablereuse=on', 'retry=5', 'ttl=120'],
}

Then declare the apache::balancer and apache::balancermember defined types on the proxy server.

To use the ProxySet directive on the balancer, use the proxy_set parameter of apache::balancer:

apache::balancer { 'puppet01':
  proxy_set => {
    'stickysession' => 'JSESSIONID',
    'lbmethod'      => 'bytraffic',
  },
}

Load balancing scheduler algorithms (lbmethod) are listed in mod_proxy_balancer documentation.

Reference

Public Classes

Class: apache

Guides the basic setup and installation of Apache on your system.

When this class is declared with the default options, Puppet:

  • Installs the appropriate Apache software package and required Apache modules for your operating system.
  • Places the required configuration files in a directory, with the default location determined by your operating system.
  • Configures the server with a default virtual host and standard port ('80') and address ('*') bindings.
  • Creates a document root directory determined by your operating system, typically /var/www.
  • Starts the Apache service.

You can simply declare the default apache class:

class { 'apache': }
allow_encoded_slashes

Sets the server default for the AllowEncodedSlashes declaration, which modifies the responses to URLs containing '\' and '/' characters. If not specified, this parameter omits the declaration from the server's configuration and uses Apache's default setting of 'off'.

Values: 'on', 'off', 'nodecode'.

Default: undef.

apache_version

Configures module template behavior, package names, and default Apache modules by defining the version of Apache to use. We do not recommend manually configuring this parameter without reason.

Default: Depends on operating system and release version detected by the apache::version class.

conf_dir

Sets the directory where the Apache server's main configuration file is located.

Default: Depends on operating system.

  • Debian: /etc/apache2
  • FreeBSD: /usr/local/etc/apache22
  • Gentoo: /etc/apache2
  • Red Hat: /etc/httpd/conf
conf_template

Defines the template used for the main Apache configuration file. Modifying this parameter is potentially risky, as the apache module is designed to use a minimal configuration file customized by conf.d entries.

Default: apache/httpd.conf.erb.

confd_dir

Sets the location of the Apache server's custom configuration directory.

Default: Depends on operating system.

  • Debian: /etc/apache2/conf.d
  • FreeBSD: /usr/local/etc/apache22
  • Gentoo: /etc/apache2/conf.d
  • Red Hat: /etc/httpd/conf.d
default_charset

Used as the AddDefaultCharset directive in the main configuration file.

Default: undef.

default_confd_files

Determines whether Puppet generates a default set of includable Apache configuration files in the directory defined by the confd_dir parameter. These configuration files correspond to what is typically installed with the Apache package on the server's operating system.

Boolean.

Default: true.

default_mods

Determines whether to configure and enable a set of default Apache modules depending on your operating system.

If false, Puppet includes only the Apache modules required to make the HTTP daemon work on your operating system, and you can declare any other modules separately using the apache::mod::<MODULE NAME> class or apache::mod defined type.

If true, Puppet installs additional modules, depending on the operating system and the values of apache_version and mpm_module parameters. Because these lists of modules can change frequently, consult the Puppet module's code for up-to-date lists.

If this parameter contains an array, Puppet instead enables all passed Apache modules.

Values: Boolean or an array of Apache module names.

Default: true.

default_ssl_ca

Sets the default certificate authority for the Apache server.

Although the default value results in a functioning Apache server, you must update this parameter with your certificate authority information before deploying this server in a production environment.

Boolean.

Default: undef.

default_ssl_cert

Sets the SSL encryption certificate location.

Although the default value results in a functioning Apache server, you must update this parameter with your certificate location before deploying this server in a production environment.

Default: Depends on operating system.

  • Debian: /etc/ssl/certs/ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem
  • FreeBSD: /usr/local/etc/apache22/server.crt
  • Gentoo: /etc/ssl/apache2/server.crt
  • Red Hat: /etc/pki/tls/certs/localhost.crt
default_ssl_chain

Sets the default SSL chain location.

Although this default value results in a functioning Apache server, you must update this parameter with your SSL chain before deploying this server in a production environment.

Default: undef.

default_ssl_crl

Sets the path of the default certificate revocation list (CRL) file to use.

Although this default value results in a functioning Apache server, you must update this parameter with the CRL file path before deploying this server in a production environment. You can use this parameter with or in place of the default_ssl_crl_path.

Default: undef.

default_ssl_crl_path

Sets the server's certificate revocation list path, which contains your CRLs.

Although this default value results in a functioning Apache server, you must update this parameter with the CRL file path before deploying this server in a production environment.

Default: undef.

default_ssl_crl_check

Sets the default certificate revocation check level via the SSLCARevocationCheck directive. This parameter applies only to Apache 2.4 or higher and is ignored on older versions.

Although this default value results in a functioning Apache server, you must specify this parameter when using certificate revocation lists in a production environment.

Default: undef.

default_ssl_key

Sets the SSL certificate key file location.

Although the default values result in a functioning Apache server, you must update this parameter with your SSL key's location before deploying this server in a production environment.

Default: Depends on operating system.

  • Debian: /etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key
  • FreeBSD: /usr/local/etc/apache22/server.key
  • Gentoo: /etc/ssl/apache2/server.key
  • Red Hat: /etc/pki/tls/private/localhost.key
default_ssl_vhost

Configures a default SSL virtual host.

If true, Puppet automatically configures the following virtual host using the apache::vhost defined type:

apache::vhost { 'default-ssl':
  port            => 443,
  ssl             => true,
  docroot         => $docroot,
  scriptalias     => $scriptalias,
  serveradmin     => $serveradmin,
  access_log_file => "ssl_${access_log_file}",
  }

Note: SSL virtual hosts only respond to HTTPS queries.

Boolean.

Default: false.

default_type

Apache 2.2 only. Sets the MIME content-type sent if the server cannot otherwise determine an appropriate content-type. This directive is deprecated in Apache 2.4 and newer, and is only for backwards compatibility in configuration files.

Default: undef.

default_vhost

Configures a default virtual host when the class is declared.

To configure customized virtual hosts, set this parameter's value to false.

Note: Apache will not start without at least one virtual host. If you set this to false you must configure a virtual host elsewhere.

Boolean.

Default: true.

dev_packages

Configures a specific dev package to use.

Values: A string or array of strings.

Example for using httpd 2.4 from the IUS yum repo:

include ::apache::dev
class { 'apache':
  apache_name  => 'httpd24u',
  dev_packages => 'httpd24u-devel',
}

Default: Depends on operating system.

  • Red Hat: 'httpd-devel'
  • Debian 8/Ubuntu 13.10 or newer: ['libaprutil1-dev', 'libapr1-dev', 'apache2-dev']
  • Older Debian/Ubuntu versions: ['libaprutil1-dev', 'libapr1-dev', 'apache2-prefork-dev']
  • FreeBSD, Gentoo: undef
  • Suse: ['libapr-util1-devel', 'libapr1-devel']
docroot

Sets the default DocumentRoot location.

Default: Depends on operating system.

  • Debian: /var/www/html
  • FreeBSD: /usr/local/www/apache22/data
  • Gentoo: /var/www/localhost/htdocs
  • Red Hat: /var/www/html
error_documents

Determines whether to enable custom error documents on the Apache server.

Boolean.

Default: false.

group

Sets the group ID that owns any Apache processes spawned to answer requests.

By default, Puppet attempts to manage this group as a resource under the apache class, determining the group based on the operating system as detected by the apache::params class. To to prevent the group resource from being created and use a group created by another Puppet module, set the manage_group parameter's value to false.

Note: Modifying this parameter only changes the group ID that Apache uses to spawn child processes to access resources. It does not change the user that owns the parent server process.

httpd_dir

Sets the Apache server's base configuration directory. This is useful for specially repackaged Apache server builds but might have unintended consequences when combined with the default distribution packages.

Default: Depends on operating system.

  • Debian: /etc/apache2
  • FreeBSD: /usr/local/etc/apache22
  • Gentoo: /etc/apache2
  • Red Hat: /etc/httpd
http_protocol_options

Specifies the strictness of HTTP protocol checks.

Valid options: any sequence of the following alternative values: Strict or Unsafe, RegisteredMethods or LenientMethods, and Allow0.9 or Require1.0.

Default 'Strict LenientMethods Allow0.9'.

keepalive

Determines whether to enable persistent HTTP connections with the KeepAlive directive. If you set this to 'On', use the keepalive_timeout and max_keepalive_requests parameters to set relevant options.

Values: 'Off', 'On'.

Default: 'Off'.

keepalive_timeout

Sets the KeepAliveTimeout directive, which determines the amount of time the Apache server waits for subsequent requests on a persistent HTTP connection. This parameter is only relevant if the keepalive parameter is enabled.

Default: '15'.

max_keepalive_requests

Limits the number of requests allowed per connection when the keepalive parameter is enabled.

Default: '100'.

lib_path

Specifies the location where Apache module files are stored.

Default: Depends on operating system.

  • Debian and Gentoo: /usr/lib/apache2/modules
  • FreeBSD: /usr/local/libexec/apache24
  • Red Hat: modules

Note: Do not configure this parameter manually without special reason.

log_level

Changes the error log's verbosity. Values: 'alert', 'crit', 'debug', 'emerg', 'error', 'info', 'notice', 'warn'.

Default: 'warn'.

log_formats

Define additional LogFormat directives. Values: A hash, such as:

$log_formats = { vhost_common => '%v %h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b' }

There are a number of predefined LogFormats in the httpd.conf that Puppet creates:

LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
LogFormat "%{Referer}i -> %U" referer
LogFormat "%{User-agent}i" agent
LogFormat "%{X-Forwarded-For}i %l %u %t \"%r\" %s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-agent}i\"" forwarded

If your log_formats parameter contains one of those, it will be overwritten with your definition.

logroot

Changes the directory of Apache log files for the virtual host.

Default: Depends on operating system.

  • Debian: /var/log/apache2
  • FreeBSD: /var/log/apache22
  • Gentoo: /var/log/apache2
  • Red Hat: /var/log/httpd
logroot_mode

Overrides the default logroot directory's mode.

Note: Do not grant write access to the directory where the logs are stored without being aware of the consequences. See the Apache documentation for details.

Default: undef.

manage_group

When false, stops Puppet from creating the group resource.

If you have a group created from another Puppet module that you want to use to run Apache, set this to false. Without this parameter, attempting to use a previously established group results in a duplicate resource error.

Boolean.

Default: true.

supplementary_groups

A list of groups to which the user belongs. These groups are in addition to the primary group.

Default: No additional groups.

Notice: This option only has an effect when manage_user is set to true.

manage_user

When false, stops Puppet from creating the user resource.

This is for instances when you have a user, created from another Puppet module, you want to use to run Apache. Without this parameter, attempting to use a previously established user would result in a duplicate resource error.

Boolean.

Default: true.

mod_dir

Sets where Puppet places configuration files for your Apache modules.

Default: Depends on operating system.

  • Debian: /etc/apache2/mods-available
  • FreeBSD: /usr/local/etc/apache22/Modules
  • Gentoo: /etc/apache2/modules.d
  • Red Hat: /etc/httpd/conf.d
mod_packages

Allows the user to override default module package names.

include apache::params
class { 'apache':
  mod_packages => merge($::apache::params::mod_packages, {
    'auth_kerb' => 'httpd24-mod_auth_kerb',
  })
}

Hash. Default: $apache::params::mod_packages

mpm_module

Determines which multi-processing module (MPM) is loaded and configured for the HTTPD process. Values: 'event', 'itk', 'peruser', 'prefork', 'worker', or false.

You must set this to false to explicitly declare the following classes with custom parameters:

Default: Depends on operating system.

  • Debian: 'worker'
  • FreeBSD, Gentoo, and Red Hat: 'prefork'
package_ensure

Controls the package resource's ensure attribute. Values: 'absent', 'installed' (or equivalent 'present'), or a version string.

Default: 'installed'.

pidfile

Allows settting a custom location for the pid file. Useful if using a custom-built Apache rpm.

Default: Depends on operating system.

  • Debian: '\$APACHE_PID_FILE'
  • FreeBSD: '/var/run/httpd.pid'
  • Red Hat: 'run/httpd.pid'
ports_file

Sets the path to the file containing Apache ports configuration.

Default: '$conf_dir/ports.conf'.

purge_configs

Removes all other Apache configs and virtual hosts.

Setting this to false is a stopgap measure to allow the apache module to coexist with existing or unmanaged configurations. We recommend moving your configuration to resources within this module. For virtual host configurations, see purge_vhost_dir.

Boolean.

Default: true.

purge_vhost_dir

If the vhost_dir parameter's value differs from the confd_dir parameter's, this parameter determines whether Puppet removes any configurations inside vhost_dir that are not managed by Puppet.

Setting purge_vhost_dir to false is a stopgap measure to allow the apache module to coexist with existing or otherwise unmanaged configurations within vhost_dir.

Boolean.

Default: same as purge_configs.

rewrite_lock

Allows setting a custom location for a rewrite lock - considered best practice if using a RewriteMap of type prg in the [rewrites][] parameter of your virtual host. This parameter only applies to Apache version 2.2 or lower and is ignored on newer versions.

Default: undef.

sendfile

Forces Apache to use the Linux kernel's sendfile support to serve static files, via the EnableSendfile directive. Values: 'On', 'Off'.

Default: 'On'.

serveradmin

Sets the Apache server administrator's contact information via Apache's ServerAdmin directive.

Default: 'root@localhost'.

servername

Sets the Apache server name via Apache's ServerName directive.

Setting to false will not set ServerName at all.

Default: the 'fqdn' fact reported by Facter.

server_root

Sets the Apache server's root directory via Apache's ServerRoot directive.

Default: Depends on operating system.

  • Debian: /etc/apache2
  • FreeBSD: /usr/local
  • Gentoo: /var/www
  • Red Hat: /etc/httpd
server_signature

Configures a trailing footer line to display at the bottom of server-generated documents, such as error documents and output of certain Apache modules, via Apache's ServerSignature directive. Values: 'Off', 'On'.

Default: 'On'.

server_tokens

Controls how much information Apache sends to the browser about itself and the operating system, via Apache's ServerTokens directive.

Default: 'OS'.

service_enable

Determines whether Puppet enables the Apache HTTPD service when the system is booted.

Boolean.

Default: true.

service_ensure

Determines whether Puppet should make sure the service is running. Values: true (or 'running'), false (or 'stopped').

The false or 'stopped' values set the 'httpd' service resource's ensure parameter to false, which is useful when you want to let the service be managed by another application, such as Pacemaker.

Default: 'running'.

service_name

Sets the name of the Apache service.

Default: Depends on operating system.

  • Debian and Gentoo: 'apache2'
  • FreeBSD: 'apache22'
  • Red Hat: 'httpd'
service_manage

Determines whether Puppet manages the HTTPD service's state.

Boolean.

Default: true.

service_restart

Determines whether Puppet should use a specific command to restart the HTTPD service.

Values: a command to restart the Apache service. The default setting uses the default Puppet behavior.

Default: undef.

ssl_ca

Specifies the SSL certificate authority. SSLCACertificateFile to use to verify certificate used in ssl client authentication.

It is possible to override this on a vhost level.

Default: undef.

timeout

Sets Apache's TimeOut directive, which defines the number of seconds Apache waits for certain events before failing a request.

Default: 120.

trace_enable

Controls how Apache handles TRACE requests (per RFC 2616) via the TraceEnable directive.

Values: 'Off', 'On'.

Default: 'On'.

use_systemd

Controls whether the systemd module should be installed on Centos 7 servers, this is especially useful if using custom-built RPMs.

Boolean.

Default: true.

file_mode

Sets the desired permissions mode for config files.

Values: A string, with permissions mode in symbolic or numeric notation.

Default: '0644'.

root_directory_options

Array of the desired options for the / directory in httpd.conf.

Defaults: 'FollowSymLinks'.

root_directory_secured

Sets the default access policy for the / directory in httpd.conf. A value of false allows access to all resources that are missing a more specific access policy. A value of true denies access to all resources by default. If true, more specific rules must be used to allow access to these resources (for example, in a directory block using the directories parameter).

Boolean.

Default: false.

vhost_dir

Changes your virtual host configuration files' location.

Default: Depends on operating system:

  • Debian: /etc/apache2/sites-available
  • FreeBSD: /usr/local/etc/apache22/Vhosts
  • Gentoo: /etc/apache2/vhosts.d
  • Red Hat: /etc/httpd/conf.d
vhost_include_pattern

Defines the pattern for files included from the vhost_dir.

If set to a value like [^.#]\*.conf[^~] to make sure that files accidentally created in this directory (such as files created by version control systems or editor backups) are not included in your server configuration.

Default: '*'.

Some operating systems use a value of *.conf. By default, this module creates configuration files ending in .conf.

user

Changes the user that Apache uses to answer requests. Apache's parent process continues to run as root, but child processes access resources as the user defined by this parameter. To prevent Puppet from managing the user, set the manage_user parameter to false.

Default: Depends on the user set by apache::params class, based on your operating system:

  • Debian: 'www-data'
  • FreeBSD: 'www'
  • Gentoo and Red Hat: 'apache'

To prevent Puppet from managing the user, set the manage_user parameter to false.

apache_name

The name of the Apache package to install. If you are using a non-standard Apache package, such as those from Red Hat's software collections, you might need to override the default setting.

Default: Depends on the user set by apache::params class, based on your operating system:

  • Debian: 'apache2'
  • FreeBSD: 'apache24'
  • Gentoo: 'www-servers/apache'
  • Red Hat: 'httpd'
error_log

The name of the error log file for the main server instance. If the string starts with /, |, or syslog: the full path is set. Otherwise, the filename is prefixed with $logroot.

Default: Depends on operating system:

  • Debian: 'error.log'
  • FreeBSD: 'httpd-error.log'
  • Gentoo: 'error.log'
  • Red Hat: 'error_log'
  • Suse: 'error.log'
scriptalias

Directory to use for global script alias

Default: Depends on operating system:

  • Debian: '/usr/lib/cgi-bin'
  • FreeBSD: '/usr/local/www/apache24/cgi-bin'
  • Gentoo: 'var/www/localhost/cgi-bin'
  • Red Hat: '/var/www/cgi-bin'
  • Suse: '/usr/lib/cgi-bin'
access_log_file

The name of the access log file for the main server instance.

Default: Depends on operating system:

  • Debian: 'error.log'
  • FreeBSD: 'httpd-access.log'
  • Gentoo: 'access.log'
  • Red Hat: 'access_log'
  • Suse: 'access.log'

Class: apache::dev

Installs Apache development libraries.

Default: Depends on the operating system:dev_packages parameter of the apache::params class, based on your operating system:

  • Debian : 'libaprutil1-dev', 'libapr1-dev'; 'apache2-dev' on Ubuntu 13.10 and Debian 8; 'apache2-prefork-dev' on other versions.
  • FreeBSD: undef; on FreeBSD, you must declare the apache::package or apache classes before declaring apache::dev.
  • Gentoo: undef.
  • Red Hat: 'httpd-devel'.

Class: apache::vhosts

Creates apache::vhost defined types.

Parameters:

  • vhosts: Specifies the apache::vhost defined type's parameters.

    Values: A hash, where the key represents the name and the value represents a hash of apache::vhost defined type's parameters.

    Default: '{}'

    Note: See the apache::vhost defined type's reference for a list of all virtual host parameters or Configuring virtual hosts.

    For example, to create a name-based virtual host 'custom_vhost_1, declare this class with the vhosts parameter set to '{ "custom_vhost_1" => { "docroot" => "/var/www/custom_vhost_1", "port" => "81" }':

class { 'apache::vhosts':
  vhosts => {
    'custom_vhost_1' => {
      'docroot' => '/var/www/custom_vhost_1',
      'port'    => '81',
    },
  },
}

Classes: apache::mod::<MODULE NAME>

Enables specific Apache modules. Enable and configure an Apache module by declaring its class.

For example, to install and enable mod_alias with no icons, declare the apache::mod::alias class with the icons_options parameter set to 'None':

class { 'apache::mod::alias':
  icons_options => 'None',
}

The following Apache modules have supported classes, many of which allow for parameterized configuration. You can install other Apache modules with the apache::mod defined type.

Modules noted with a * indicate that the module has settings and a template that includes parameters to configure the module. Most Apache module class parameters have default values and don't require configuration. For modules with templates, Puppet installs template files with the module; these template files are required for the module to work.

Class: apache::mod::alias

Installs and manages mod_alias.

Parameters:

  • icons_options: Disables directory listings for the icons directory, via Apache Options directive.

    Default: 'Indexes MultiViews'.

  • icons_path: Sets the local path for an /icons/ Alias.

    Default: Depends on operating system.

    • Debian: /usr/share/apache2/icons
    • FreeBSD: /usr/local/www/apache24/icons
    • Gentoo: /var/www/icons
    • Red Hat*: /var/www/icons, except on Apache 2.4, where it's /usr/share/httpd/icons

Class: apache::mod::disk_cache

Installs and configures mod_disk_cache on Apache 2.2, or [mod_cache_disk][] on Apache 2.4.

Default: Depends on the Apache version and operating system:

  • Debian: /var/cache/apache2/mod_cache_disk
  • FreeBSD: /var/cache/mod_cache_disk
  • Red Hat, Apache 2.4: /var/cache/httpd/proxy
  • Red Hat, Apache 2.2: /var/cache/mod_proxy

To specify the cache root, pass a path as a string to the cache_root parameter.

class {'::apache::mod::disk_cache':
  cache_root => '/path/to/cache',
}
Class: apache::mod::diskio

Installs and configures [mod_diskio][].

class{'apache':
  default_mods => `false`,
  log_level    => 'dumpio:trace7',
}
class{'apache::mod::diskio':
  disk_io_input  => 'On',
  disk_io_output => 'Off',
}

Parameters:

  • dump_io_input: Dump all input data to the error log.

    Values: 'On', 'Off'.

    Default: 'Off'.

  • dump_io_output: Dump all output data to the error log.

    Values: 'On', 'Off'.

    Defaults to 'Off'.

Class: apache::mod::event

Installs and manages mod_mpm_event. You cannot include apache::mod::event with apache::mod::itk, apache::mod::peruser, apache::mod::prefork, or apache::mod::worker on the same server.

Parameters:

  • listenbacklog: Sets the maximum length of the pending connections queue via the module's ListenBackLog directive. Setting this to false removes the parameter.

    Default: '511'.

  • maxrequestworkers (_Apache 2.3.12 or older_: maxclients): Sets the maximum number of connections Apache can simultaneously process, via the module's MaxRequestWorkers directive. Setting these to false removes the parameters.

    Default: '150'.

  • maxconnectionsperchild (_Apache 2.3.8 or older_: maxrequestsperchild): Limits the number of connections a child server handles during its life, via the module's MaxConnectionsPerChild directive. Setting these to false removes the parameters.

    Default: '0'.

  • maxsparethreads and minsparethreads: Sets the maximum and minimum number of idle threads, via the MaxSpareThreads and MinSpareThreads directives. Setting these to false removes the parameters.

    Default: '75' and '25', respectively.

  • serverlimit: Limits the configurable number of processes via the ServerLimit directive. Setting this to false removes the parameter.

    Default: '25'.

  • startservers: Sets the number of child server processes created at startup, via the module's StartServers directive. Setting this to false removes the parameter.

    Default: '2'.

  • threadlimit: Limits the number of event threads via the module's ThreadLimit directive. Setting this to false removes the parameter.

    Default: '64'.

  • threadsperchild: Sets the number of threads created by each child process, via the ThreadsPerChild directive.

    Default: '25'. Setting this to false removes the parameter.

Class: apache::mod::auth_cas

Installs and manages mod_auth_cas. Parameters share names with the Apache module's directives.

The cas_login_url and cas_validate_url parameters are required; several other parameters have undef default values.

Note: The auth_cas module isn't available on RH/CentOS without providing dependency packages provided by EPEL. See https://github.com/Jasig/mod_auth_cas

Parameters:

  • cas_attribute_prefix: Adds a header with the value of this header being the attribute values when SAML validation is enabled.

    Default: CAS_.

  • cas_attribute_delimiter: The delimiter between attribute values in the header created by cas_attribute_prefix.

    Default: ,

  • cas_authoritative: Determines whether an optional authorization directive is authoritative and binding.

    Default: undef.

  • cas_certificate_path: Sets the path to the X509 certificate of the Certificate Authority for the server in cas_login_url and cas_validate_url.

    Default: undef.

  • cas_cache_clean_interval: Sets the minimum number of seconds that must pass between cache cleanings.

    Default: undef.

  • cas_cookie_domain: Sets the value of the Domain= parameter in the Set-Cookie HTTP header.

    Default: undef.

  • cas_cookie_entropy: Sets the number of bytes to use when creating session identifiers.

    Default: undef.

  • cas_cookie_http_only: Sets the optional HttpOnly flag when mod_auth_cas issues cookies.

    Default: undef.

  • cas_cookie_path: Where cas cookie session data is stored. Should be writable by web server user.

    Default: OS dependent.

  • cas_cookie_path_mode: The mode of cas_cookie_path.

    Default: '0750'.

  • cas_debug: Determines whether to enable the module's debugging mode.

    Default: 'Off'.

  • cas_idle_timeout: Sets the idle timeout limit, in seconds.

    Default: undef.

  • cas_login_url: Required. Sets the URL to which the module redirects users when they attempt to access a CAS-protected resource and don't have an active session.

  • cas_proxy_validate_url: The URL to use when performing a proxy validation.

    Default: undef.

  • cas_root_proxied_as: Sets the URL end users see when access to this Apache server is proxied.

    Default: undef.

  • cas_scrub_request_headers: Remove inbound request headers that may have special meaning within mod_auth_cas.

  • cas_sso_enabled: Enables experimental support for single sign out (may mangle POST data).

    Default: 'Off'.

  • cas_timeout: Limits the number of seconds a mod_auth_cas session can remain active.

    Default: undef.

  • cas_validate_depth: Limits the depth for chained certificate validation.

    Default: undef.

  • cas_validate_saml: Parse response from CAS server for SAML.

    Default: 'Off'.

  • cas_validate_server: Whether to validate the cert of the CAS server (deprecated in 1.1 - RedHat 7).

    Default: undef.

  • cas_validate_url: Required. Sets the URL to use when validating a client-presented ticket in an HTTP query string.

  • cas_version: The CAS protocol version to adhere to. Values: '1', '2'.

    Default: '2'.

  • suppress_warning: Suppress warning about being on RedHat (mod_auth_cas package is now available in epel-testing repo).

    Default: false.

Class: apache::mod::auth_mellon

Installs and manages mod_auth_mellon. Parameters share names with the Apache module's directives.

class{ 'apache::mod::auth_mellon':
  mellon_cache_size => 101,
}

Parameters:

  • mellon_cache_entry_size: Maximum size for a single session.

    Default: undef.

  • mellon_cache_size: Size in megabytes of the mellon cache.

    Default: 100.

  • mellon_lock_file: Location of lock file.

    Default: '/run/mod_auth_mellon/lock'.

  • mellon_post_directory: Full path where post requests are saved.

    Default: '/var/cache/apache2/mod_auth_mellon/'

  • mellon_post_ttl: Time to keep post requests.

    Default: undef.

  • mellon_post_size: Maximum size of post requests.

    Default: undef.

  • mellon_post_count: Maximum number of post requests.

    Default: undef.

Class: apache::mod::authn_dbd

Installs mod_authn_dbd and uses authn_dbd.conf.erb template to generate its configuration. Optionally, creates AuthnProviderAlias.

class { 'apache::mod::authn_dbd':
  $authn_dbd_params =>
    'host=db01 port=3306 user=apache password=xxxxxx dbname=apacheauth',
  $authn_dbd_query  => 'SELECT password FROM authn WHERE user = %s',
  $authn_dbd_alias  => 'db_auth',
}

Parameters:

  • authn_dbd_alias: Name for the 'AuthnProviderAlias'.

  • authn_dbd_dbdriver: Specifies the database driver to use.

    Default: 'mysql'.

  • authn_dbd_exptime: corresponds to DBDExptime.

    Default: 300.

  • authn_dbd_keep: Corresponds to DBDKeep.

    Default: 8.

  • authn_dbd_max: Corresponds to DBDMax.

    Default: 20.

  • authn_dbd_min: Corresponds to DBDMin.

    Default: 4.

  • authn_dbd_params: Required. Corresponds to DBDParams for the connection string.

  • authn_dbd_query: Whether to query the user and password for authentication.

Class: apache::mod::authnz_ldap

Installs mod_authnz_ldap and uses the authnz_ldap.conf.erb template to generate its configuration.

Parameters:

  • package_name: The name of the package.

    Default: undef.

  • verify_server_cert: Whether to verify the server certificate.

    Default: undef.

Class: apache::mod::cluster

Note: There is no official package available for mod_cluster, so you must make it available outside of the apache module. Binaries can be found at http://mod-cluster.jboss.org/

class { '::apache::mod::cluster':
  ip                      => '172.17.0.1',
  allowed_network         => '172.17.0.',
  balancer_name           => 'mycluster',
  version                 => '1.3.1'
}

Parameters:

  • port: mod_cluster listen port.

    Default: '6666'.

  • server_advertise: Whether the server should advertise.

    Default: true.

  • advertise_frequency: Sets the interval between advertise messages in seconds[.miliseconds].

    Default: 10.

  • manager_allowed_network: Whether to allow the network to access the mod_cluster_manager.

    Default: '127.0.0.1'.

  • keep_alive_timeout: Specifies how long Apache should wait for a request, in seconds.

    Default: 60.

  • max_keep_alive_requests: Maximum number of requests kept alive.

    Default: 0.

  • enable_mcpm_receive: Whether MCPM should be enabled.

    Default: true.

  • ip: Specifies the IP address to listen to.

  • allowed_network: Balanced members network.

  • version: Specifies the mod_cluster version. Version 1.3.0 or greater is required for httpd 2.4.

Class: apache::mod::deflate

Installs and configures [mod_deflate][].

Parameters:

  • types: An array of [MIME types][MIME content*type] to be deflated.

    Default: [ 'text/html text/plain text/xml', 'text/css', 'application/x*javascript application/javascript application/ecmascript', 'application/rss+xml', 'application/json' ].

  • notes: A Hash where the key represents the type and the value represents the note name.

    Default: { 'Input' => 'instream', 'Output' => 'outstream', 'Ratio' => 'ratio' }.

Class: apache::mod::expires

Installs mod_expires and uses the expires.conf.erb template to generate its configuration.

Parameters:

  • expires_active: Enables generation of Expires headers for a document realm.

    Boolean.

    Default: true.

  • expires_default: Specifies the default algorithm for calculating expiration time using ExpiresByType syntax or interval syntax.

    Default: undef.

  • expires_by_type: Describes a set of [MIME content*type][] and their expiration times.

    Values: An array of Hashes, with each Hash's key a valid MIME content*type (i.e. 'text/json') and its value following valid interval syntax.

    Default: undef.

Class: apache::mod::ext_filter

Installs and configures mod_ext_filter.

class { 'apache::mod::ext_filter':
  ext_filter_define => {
    'slowdown'       => 'mode=output cmd=/bin/cat preservescontentlength',
    'puppetdb-strip' => 'mode=output outtype=application/json cmd="pdb-resource-filter"',
  },
}

Parameters:

  • ext_filter_define: A hash of filter names and their parameters.

    Default: undef.

Class: apache::mod::fcgid

Installs and configures mod_fcgid.

The class does not individually parameterize all available options. Instead, configure mod_fcgid using the options hash. For example:

class { 'apache::mod::fcgid':
  options => {
    'FcgidIPCDir'  => '/var/run/fcgidsock',
    'SharememPath' => '/var/run/fcgid_shm',
    'AddHandler'   => 'fcgid-script .fcgi',
  },
}

For a full list of options, see the official mod_fcgid documentation.

If you include apache::mod::fcgid, you can set the [FcgidWrapper][] per directory, per virtual host. The module must be loaded first; Puppet will not automatically enable it if you set the fcgiwrapper parameter in apache::vhost.

include apache::mod::fcgid

apache::vhost { 'example.org':
  docroot     => '/var/www/html',
  directories => {
    path        => '/var/www/html',
    fcgiwrapper => {
      command => '/usr/local/bin/fcgiwrapper',
    }
  },
}
Class: apache::mod::geoip

Installs and manages mod_geoip.

Parameters:

  • db_file: Sets the path to your GeoIP database file.

    Values: a path, or an array paths for multiple GeoIP database files.

    Default: /usr/share/GeoIP/GeoIP.dat.

  • enable: Determines whether to globally enable mod_geoip.

    Boolean.

    Default: false.

  • flag: Sets the GeoIP flag.

    Values: 'CheckCache', 'IndexCache', 'MemoryCache', 'Standard'.

    Default: 'Standard'.

  • output: Defines which output variables to use.

    Values: 'All', 'Env', 'Request', 'Notes'.

    Default: 'All'.

  • enable_utf8: Changes the output from ISO*8859*1 (Latin*1) to UTF*8.

    Boolean.

    Default: undef.

  • scan_proxy_headers: Enables the GeoIPScanProxyHeaders option.

    Boolean.

    Default: undef.

  • scan_proxy_header_field: Specifies the header mod_geoip uses to determine the client's IP address.

    Default: undef.

  • use_last_xforwarededfor_ip (sic): Determines whether to use the first or last IP address for the client's IP in a comma-separated list of IP addresses is found.

    Boolean.

    Default: undef.

Class: apache::mod::info

Installs and manages mod_info, which provides a comprehensive overview of the server configuration.

Parameters:

  • allow_from: Whitelist of IPv4 or IPv6 addresses or ranges that can access /server*info.

    Values: One or more octets of an IPv4 address, an IPv6 address or range, or an array of either.

    Default: ['127.0.0.1','::1'].

  • apache_version: Apache's version number as a string, such as '2.2' or '2.4'.

    Default: The value of $::apache::apache_version.

  • restrict_access: Determines whether to enable access restrictions. If false, the allow_from whitelist is ignored and any IP address can access /server*info.

    Boolean.

    Default: true.

Class: apache::mod::jk

Installs and manages mod_jk, a connector for Apache httpd redirection to old versions of TomCat and JBoss

Note: There is no official package available for mod_jk and thus it must be made available by means outside of the control of the apache module. Binaries can be found at Apache Tomcat Connectors download page

class { '::apache::mod::jk':
  ip           = '192.168.2.15',
  workers_file = 'conf/workers.properties',
  mount_file   = 'conf/uriworkermap.properties',
  shm_file     = 'run/jk.shm',
  shm_size     = '50M',
  $workers_file_content = {
    <Content>
  },
}

Parameters within apache::mod::jk:

The best source for understanding the mod_jk parameters is the official documentation, except for:

add_listen

Defines if a Listen directive according to parameters ip and port (see below), so that Apache listens to the IP/port combination and redirect to mod_jk. Useful when another Listen directive, like Listen *:<Port> or Listen <Port>, can conflict with the one necessary for mod_jk binding.

Type: Boolean Default: true

ip

IP for binding to mod_jk. Useful when the binding address is not the primary network interface IP.

Type: String Default: $facts['ipaddress']

port

Port for binding to mod_jk. Useful when something else, like a reverse proxy or cache, is receiving requests at port 80, then needs to forward them to Apache at a different port.

Type: String (numerical) Default: '80'

workers_file_content

Each directive has the format worker.<Worker name>.<Property>=<Value>. This maps as a hash of hashes, where the outer hash specifies workers, and each inner hash specifies each worker properties and values.
Plus, there are two global directives, 'worker.list' and 'worker.mantain'
For example, the workers file below:

worker.list = status
worker.list = some_name,other_name

worker.mantain = 60

# Optional comment
worker.some_name.type=ajp13
worker.some_name.socket_keepalive=true

# I just like comments
worker.other_name.type=ajp12 (why would you?)
worker.other_name.socket_keepalive=false

Should be parameterized as:

$workers_file_content = {
  worker_lists   => ['status', 'some_name,other_name'],
  worker_mantain => '60',
  some_name      => {
    comment          => 'Optional comment',
    type             => 'ajp13',
    socket_keepalive => 'true',
  },
  other_name     => {
    comment          => 'I just like comments',
    type             => 'ajp12',
    socket_keepalive => 'false',
  },
}

mount_file_content

Each directive has the format <URI> = <Worker name>. This maps as a hash of hashes, where the outer hash specifies workers, and each inner hash contains two items: uri_list - an array with URIs to be mapped to the worker - and comment - an optional string with a comment for the worker.
For example, the mount file below:

# Worker 1
/context_1/ = worker_1
/context_1/* = worker_1

# Worker 2
/ = worker_2
/context_2/ = worker_2
/context_2/* = worker_2

Should be parameterized as:

$mount_file_content = {
  worker_1 => {
    uri_list => ['/context_1/', '/context_1/*'],
    comment  => 'Worker 1',
  },
  worker_2 => {
    uri_list => ['/context_2/', '/context_2/*'],
    comment  => 'Worker 2',
  },
},

shm_file and log_file

Depending on how these files are specified, the class creates their final path differently:

  • Relative path: prepends supplied path with logroot (see below)
  • Absolute path or pipe: uses supplied path as-is

Examples (RHEL 6):

shm_file => 'shm_file'
# Ends up in
$shm_path = '/var/log/httpd/shm_file'
shm_file => '/run/shm_file'
# Ends up in
$shm_path = '/run/shm_file'
shm_file => '"|rotatelogs /var/log/httpd/mod_jk.log.%Y%m%d 86400 -180"'
# Ends up in
$shm_path = '"|rotatelogs /var/log/httpd/mod_jk.log.%Y%m%d 86400 -180"'

The default logroot is sane enough. Therefore, it is not recommended to specify absolute paths.

logroot

The base directory for shm_file and log_file is determined by the logroot parameter. If unspecified, defaults to apache::params::logroot.

The default logroot is sane enough. Therefore, it is not recommended to override it.

Class: apache::mod::passenger

Installs and manages mod_passenger. For Red Hat-based systems, ensure that you meet the minimum requirements described in the passenger docs.

The current set of server configurations settings were taken directly from the Passenger Reference. To enable deprecation warnings and removal failure messages, set the passenger_installed_version to the version number installed on the server.

Parameters:

parameter default value passenger config setting context notes
manage_repo true n/a
mod_id undef n/a
mod_lib undef n/a
mod_lib_path undef n/a
mod_package undef n/a
mod_package_ensure undef n/a
mod_path undef n/a
passenger_allow_encoded_slashes undef PassengerAllowEncodedSlashes server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_app_env undef PassengerAppEnv server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_app_group_name undef PassengerAppGroupName server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_app_root undef PassengerAppRoot server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_app_type undef PassengerAppType server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_base_uri undef PassengerBaseURI server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_buffer_response undef PassengerBufferResponse server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_buffer_upload undef PassengerBufferUpload server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_concurrency_model undef PassengerConcurrencyModel server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_conf_file $::apache::params::passenger_conf_file n/a
passenger_conf_package_file $::apache::params::passenger_conf_package_file n/a
passenger_data_buffer_dir undef PassengerDataBufferDir server-config
passenger_debug_log_file undef PassengerDebugLogFile server-config This option has been renamed in version 5.0.5 to PassengerLogFile.
passenger_debugger undef PassengerDebugger server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_default_group undef PassengerDefaultGroup server-config
passenger_default_ruby $::apache::params::passenger_default_ruby PassengerDefaultRuby server-config
passenger_default_user undef PassengerDefaultUser server-config
passenger_disable_security_update_check undef PassengerDisableSecurityUpdateCheck server-config
passenger_enabled undef PassengerEnabled server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_error_override undef PassengerErrorOverride server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_file_descriptor_log_file undef PassengerFileDescriptorLogFile server-config
passenger_fly_with undef PassengerFlyWith server-config
passenger_force_max_concurrent_requests_per_process undef PassengerForceMaxConcurrentRequestsPerProcess server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_friendly_error_pages undef PassengerFriendlyErrorPages server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_group undef PassengerGroup server-config virutal-host directory
passenger_high_performance undef PassengerHighPerformance server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_installed_version undef n/a If set, will enable version checking of the passenger options against the value set.
passenger_instance_registry_dir undef PassengerInstanceRegistryDir server-config
passenger_load_shell_envvars undef PassengerLoadShellEnvvars server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_log_file undef PassengerLogFile server-config
passenger_log_level undef PassengerLogLevel server-config
passenger_lve_min_uid undef PassengerLveMinUid server-config virutal-host
passenger_max_instances undef PassengerMaxInstances server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_max_instances_per_app undef PassengerMaxInstancesPerApp server-config
passenger_max_pool_size undef PassengerMaxPoolSize server-config
passenger_max_preloader_idle_time undef PassengerMaxPreloaderIdleTime server-config virutal-host
passenger_max_request_queue_size undef PassengerMaxRequestQueueSize server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_max_request_time undef PassengerMaxRequestTime server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_max_requests undef PassengerMaxRequests server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_memory_limit undef PassengerMemoryLimit server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_meteor_app_settings undef PassengerMeteorAppSettings server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_min_instances undef PassengerMinInstances server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_nodejs undef PassengerNodejs server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_pool_idle_time undef PassengerPoolIdleTime server-config
passenger_pre_start undef PassengerPreStart server-config virutal-host
passenger_python undef PassengerPython server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_resist_deployment_errors undef PassengerResistDeploymentErrors server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_resolve_symlinks_in_document_root undef PassengerResolveSymlinksInDocumentRoot server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_response_buffer_high_watermark undef PassengerResponseBufferHighWatermark server-config
passenger_restart_dir undef PassengerRestartDir server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_rolling_restarts undef PassengerRollingRestarts server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_root $::apache::params::passenger_root PassengerRoot server-config
passenger_ruby $::apache::params::passenger_ruby PassengerRuby server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_security_update_check_proxy undef PassengerSecurityUpdateCheckProxy server-config
passenger_show_version_in_header undef PassengerShowVersionInHeader server-config
passenger_socket_backlog undef PassengerSocketBacklog server-config
passenger_spawn_method undef PassengerSpawnMethod server-config virutal-host
passenger_start_timeout undef PassengerStartTimeout server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_startup_file undef PassengerStartupFile server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_stat_throttle_rate undef PassengerStatThrottleRate server-config
passenger_sticky_sessions undef PassengerStickySessions server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_sticky_sessions_cookie_name undef PassengerStickySessionsCookieName server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_thread_count undef PassengerThreadCount server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
passenger_use_global_queue undef PassengerUseGlobalQueue server-config
passenger_user undef PassengerUser server-config virutal-host directory
passenger_user_switching undef PassengerUserSwitching server-config
rack_auto_detect undef RackAutoDetect server-config These options have been removed in version 4.0.0 as part of an optimization. You should use PassengerEnabled instead.
rack_autodetect undef n/a
rack_base_uri undef RackBaseURI server-config Deprecated in 3.0.0 in favor of PassengerBaseURI.
rack_env undef RackEnv server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
rails_allow_mod_rewrite undef RailsAllowModRewrite server-config This option doesn't do anything anymore in since version 4.0.0.
rails_app_spawner_idle_time undef RailsAppSpawnerIdleTime server-config This option has been removed in version 4.0.0, and replaced with PassengerMaxPreloaderIdleTime.
rails_auto_detect undef RailsAutoDetect server-config These options have been removed in version 4.0.0 as part of an optimization. You should use PassengerEnabled instead.
rails_autodetect undef n/a
rails_base_uri undef RailsBaseURI server-config Deprecated in 3.0.0 in favor of PassengerBaseURI.
rails_default_user undef RailsDefaultUser server-config Deprecated in 3.0.0 in favor of PassengerDefaultUser.
rails_env undef RailsEnv server-config virutal-host htaccess directory
rails_framework_spawner_idle_time undef RailsFrameworkSpawnerIdleTime server-config This option is no longer available in version 4.0.0. There is no alternative because framework spawning has been removed altogether. You should use smart spawning instead.
rails_ruby undef RailsRuby server-config Deprecated in 3.0.0 in favor of PassengerRuby.
rails_spawn_method undef RailsSpawnMethod server-config Deprecated in 3.0.0 in favor of PassengerSpawnMethod.
rails_user_switching undef RailsUserSwitching server-config Deprecated in 3.0.0 in favor of PassengerUserSwitching.
wsgi_auto_detect undef WsgiAutoDetect server-config These options have been removed in version 4.0.0 as part of an optimization. You should use PassengerEnabled instead.
Class: apache::mod::ldap

Installs and configures mod_ldap, and allows you to modify the LDAPTrustedGlobalCert Directive:

class { 'apache::mod::ldap':
  ldap_trusted_global_cert_file => '/etc/pki/tls/certs/ldap-trust.crt',
  ldap_trusted_global_cert_type => 'CA_DER',
  ldap_shared_cache_size        => '500000',
  ldap_cache_entries            => '1024',
  ldap_cache_ttl                => '600',
  ldap_opcache_entries          => '1024',
  ldap_opcache_ttl              => '600',
}

Parameters

  • apache_version: Specifies the installed Apache version.

    Default: undef.

  • ldap_trusted_global_cert_file: Specifies the path and file name of the trusted CA certificates to use when establishing SSL or TLS connections to an LDAP server.

  • ldap_trusted_global_cert_type: Specifies the global trust certificate format.

    Default: 'CA_BASE64'.

  • ldap_shared_cache_size: Specifies the size, in bytes, of the shared memory cache.

  • ldap_cache_entries: Specifies the maximum number of entries in the primary LDAP cache.

  • ldap_cache_ttl: Specifies the time, in seconds, that cached items remain valid.

  • ldap_opcache_entries: Specifies the number of entries used to cache LDAP compare operations.

  • ldap_opcache_ttl: Specifies the time, in seconds, that entries in the operation cache remain valid.

  • package_name: Specifies the custom package name.

    Default: undef.

Class: apache::mod::negotiation

Installs and configures mod_negotiation.

Parameters:

  • force_language_priority: Sets the ForceLanguagePriority option.

    Values: A string.

    Default: Prefer Fallback.

  • language_priority: An array of languages to set the LanguagePriority option of the module.

    Default: [ 'en', 'ca', 'cs', 'da', 'de', 'el', 'eo', 'es', 'et', 'fr', 'he', 'hr', 'it', 'ja', 'ko', 'ltz', 'nl', 'nn', 'no', 'pl', 'pt', 'pt*BR', 'ru', 'sv', 'zh*CN', 'zh*TW' ]

Class: apache::mod::nss

An SSL provider for Apache using the NSS crypto libraries.

Parameters:

  • transfer_log: path to access.log
  • error_log: path to error.log
  • passwd_file: path to file used for NSSPassPhraseDialog directive
  • port: SSL port. Defaults to 8443
Class: apache::mod::pagespeed

Installs and manages mod_pagespeed, a Google module that rewrites web pages to reduce latency and bandwidth.

Although this apache module requires the mod-pagespeed-stable package, Puppet does not manage the software repositories required to automatically install the package. If you declare this class when the package is either not installed or not available to your package manager, your Puppet run will fail.

Note: Verify that your system is compatible with the latest Google Pagespeed requirements.

Parameters:

These parameters correspond to the module's directives. See the module's documentation for details.

  • inherit_vhost_config: Default: 'on'.
  • filter_xhtml: Default: false.
  • cache_path: Default: '/var/cache/mod_pagespeed/'.
  • log_dir: Default: '/var/log/pagespeed'.
  • memcache_servers: Default: [].
  • rewrite_level: Default: 'CoreFilters'.
  • disable_filters: Default: [].
  • enable_filters: Default: [].
  • forbid_filters: Default: [].
  • rewrite_deadline_per_flush_ms: Default: 10.
  • additional_domains: Default: undef.
  • file_cache_size_kb: Default: 102400.
  • file_cache_clean_interval_ms: Default: 3600000.
  • lru_cache_per_process: Default: 1024.
  • lru_cache_byte_limit: Default: 16384.
  • css_flatten_max_bytes: Default: 2048.
  • css_inline_max_bytes: Default: 2048.
  • css_image_inline_max_bytes: Default: 2048.
  • image_inline_max_bytes: Default: 2048.
  • js_inline_max_bytes: Default: 2048.
  • css_outline_min_bytes: Default: 3000.
  • js_outline_min_bytes: Default: 3000.
  • inode_limit: Default: 500000.
  • image_max_rewrites_at_once: Default: 8.
  • num_rewrite_threads: Default: 4.
  • num_expensive_rewrite_threads: Default: 4.
  • collect_statistics: Default: 'on'.
  • statistics_logging: Default: 'on'.
  • allow_view_stats: Default: [].
  • allow_pagespeed_console: Default: [].
  • allow_pagespeed_message: Default: [].
  • message_buffer_size: Default: 100000.
  • additional_configuration: A hash of directive value pairs, or an array of lines to insert at the end of the pagespeed configuration. Default: '{ }'.
Class: apache::mod::passenger

Installs and configures mod_passenger.

Note: The passenger module isn't available on RH/CentOS without providing the dependency packages provided by EPEL and the mod_passengers custom repository. See the manage_repo parameter above and https://www.phusionpassenger.com/library/install/apache/install/oss/el7/

Parameters:

  • passenger_conf_file: $::apache::params::passenger_conf_file
  • passenger_conf_package_file:$::apache::params::passenger_conf_package_file`
  • passenger_high_performance: Default: undef
  • passenger_pool_idle_time: Default: undef
  • passenger_max_request_queue_size: Default: undef
  • passenger_max_requests: Default: undef
  • passenger_spawn_method: Default: undef
  • passenger_stat_throttle_rate: Default: undef
  • rack_autodetect: Default: undef
  • rails_autodetect: Default: undef
  • passenger_root : $::apache::params::passenger_root
  • passenger_ruby : $::apache::params::passenger_ruby
  • passenger_default_ruby: $::apache::params::passenger_default_ruby
  • passenger_max_pool_size: Default: undef
  • passenger_min_instances: Default: undef
  • passenger_max_instances_per_app: Default: undef
  • passenger_use_global_queue: Default: undef
  • passenger_app_env: Default: undef
  • passenger_log_file: Default: undef
  • passenger_log_level: Default: undef
  • passenger_data_buffer_dir: Default: undef
  • manage_repo: Whether to manage the phusionpassenger.com repository. Default: true.
  • mod_package: Default: undef.
  • mod_package_ensure: Default: undef.
  • mod_lib: Default: undef.
  • mod_lib_path: Default: undef.
  • mod_id: Default: undef.
  • mod_path: Default: undef.
Class: apache::mod::proxy

Installs mod_proxy and uses the proxy.conf.erb template to generate its configuration.

Parameters within apache::mod::proxy:

  • allow_from: Default: undef.
  • apache_version: Default: undef.
  • package_name: Default: undef.
  • proxy_requests: Default: 'Off'.
  • proxy_via: Default: 'On'.
Class: apache::mod::proxy_balancer

Installs and manages mod_proxy_balancer, which provides load balancing.

Parameters:

  • manager: Determines whether to enable balancer manager support.

    Default: false.

  • manager_path: The server location of the balancer manager.

    Default: '/balancer*manager'.

  • allow_from: An array of IPv4 or IPv6 addresses that can access /balancer*manager.

    Default: ['127.0.0.1','::1'].

  • apache_version: Apache's version number as a string, such as '2.2' or '2.4'.

    Default: the value of $::apache::apache_version. On Apache 2.4 or greater, mod_slotmem_shm is loaded.

Class: apache::mod::php

Installs and configures mod_php.

Parameters:

Default values for these parameters depend on your operating system. Most of this class's parameters correspond to mod_php directives; see the module's documentation for details.

  • package_name: Names the package that installs mod_php.
  • path: Defines the path to the mod_php shared object (.so) file.
  • source: Defines the path to the default configuration. Values include a puppet:/// path.
  • template: Defines the path to the php.conf template Puppet uses to generate the configuration file.
  • content: Adds arbitrary content to php.conf.
Class: apache::mod::proxy_html

Note: There is no official package available for mod_proxy_html, so you must make it available outside of the apache module.

Class: apache::mod::reqtimeout

Installs and configures mod_reqtimeout.

Parameters

  • timeouts: Sets the RequestReadTimeout option.

    Values: A string or array.

    Default: ['header=20-40,MinRate=500', 'body=20,MinRate=500'].

Class: apache::mod::rewrite

Installs and enables the Apache module mod_rewrite.

Class: apache::mod::shib

Installs the Shibboleth Apache module mod_shib, which enables SAML2 single sign-on (SSO) authentication by Shibboleth Identity Providers and Shibboleth Federations. Defining this class enables Shibboleth-specific parameters in apache::vhost instances.

This class installs and configures only the Apache components of a web application that consumes Shibboleth SSO identities. You can manage the Shibboleth configuration manually, with Puppet, or using a Shibboleth Puppet Module.

Note: The shibboleth module isn't available on RH/CentOS without providing dependency packages provided by Shibboleth's repositories. See http://wiki.aaf.edu.au/tech-info/sp-install-guide

Class: apache::mod::ssl

Installs Apache SSL features and uses the ssl.conf.erb template to generate its configuration. On most operating systems, this ssl.conf is placed in the module configuration directory. On Red Hat-based operating systems, this file is placed in /etc/httpd/conf.d, the same location in which the RPM stores the configuration.

To use SSL with a virtual host, you must either set the default_ssl_vhost parameter in ::apache to true or the ssl parameter in apache::vhost to true.

  • ssl_cipher: Default: 'HIGH:MEDIUM:!aNULL:!MD5:!RC4'.
  • ssl_compression: Default: false.
  • ssl_cryptodevice: Default: 'builtin'.
  • ssl_honorcipherorder: Default: true.
  • ssl_openssl_conf_cmd: Default: undef.
  • ssl_options: Default: [ 'StdEnvVars' ]
  • ssl_pass_phrase_dialog: Default: 'builtin'.
  • ssl_protocol: Default: [ 'all', '-SSLv2', '-SSLv3' ].
  • ssl_proxy_protocol: Default: [].
  • ssl_random_seed_bytes: Valid options: A string. Default: '512'.
  • ssl_sessioncache: Valid options: A string. Default: '300'.
  • ssl_sessioncachetimeout: Valid options: A string. Default: '300'.
  • ssl_mutex: Default: Determined based on the OS. Valid options: See [mod_ssl][mod_ssl] documentation.

    • RedHat/FreeBSD/Suse/Gentoo: 'default'
    • Debian/Ubuntu + Apache >= 2.4: 'default'
    • Debian/Ubuntu + Apache < 2.4: 'file:\$APACHE_RUN_DIR/ssl_mutex' **Parameters:
  • ssl_cipher

    Default: 'HIGH:MEDIUM:!aNULL:!MD5:!RC4'.

  • ssl_compression

    Default: false.

  • ssl_cryptodevice

    Default: 'builtin'.

  • ssl_honorcipherorder

    Default: true.

  • ssl_openssl_conf_cmd

    Default: undef.

  • ssl_options

    Default: [ 'StdEnvVars' ]

  • ssl_pass_phrase_dialog

    Default: 'builtin'.

  • ssl_protocol

    Default: [ 'all', '*SSLv2', '*SSLv3' ].

  • ssl_random_seed_bytes

    Values: A string.

    Default: '512'.

  • ssl_sessioncachetimeout

    Values: A string.

    Default: '300'.

  • ssl_mutex:

    Values: See [mod_ssl][mod_ssl] documentation.

    Default: Based on the OS:

    • RedHat/FreeBSD/Suse/Gentoo: 'default'.
    • Debian/Ubuntu + Apache >= 2.4: 'default'.
    • Debian/Ubuntu + Apache < 2.4: 'file:\$APACHE_RUN_DIR/ssl_mutex'.
    • Ubuntu 10.04: 'file:/var/run/apache2/ssl_mutex'.
Class: apache::mod::status

Installs mod_status and uses the status.conf.erb template to generate its configuration.

Parameters:

  • allow_from: An array of IPv4 or IPv6 addresses that can access /server-status.

    Default: ['127.0.0.1','::1'].

  • extended_status: Determines whether to track extended status information for each request, via the ExtendedStatus directive.

    Values: 'Off', 'On'.

    Default: 'On'.

  • status_path: The server location of the status page.

    Default: '/server-status'.

Class: apache::mod::userdir

Allows user-specific directories to be accessed using the http://example.com/~user/ syntax. All parameters can be found in in the official Apache documentation.

Parameters:

  • overrides: An array of directive-types.

    Default: '[ 'FileInfo', 'AuthConfig', 'Limit', 'Indexes' ]'.

Class: apache::mod::version

Installs mod_version on many operating systems and Apache configurations.

If Debian and Ubuntu systems with Apache 2.4 are classified with apache::mod::version, Puppet warns that mod_version is built-in and can't be loaded.

Class: apache::mod::security

Installs and configures Trustwave's mod_security. It is enabled and runs by default on all virtual hosts.

Parameters:

  • activated_rules: An array of rules from the modsec_crs_path or absolute to activate via symlinks.
  • allowed_methods: A space*separated list of allowed HTTP methods.

    Default: 'GET HEAD POST OPTIONS'.

  • content_types: A list of one or more allowed [MIME types][MIME content*type].

    Default: 'application/x*www*form*urlencoded|multipart/form*data|text/xml|application/xml|application/x*amf'.

  • crs_package: Names the package that installs CRS rules.

    Default: modsec_crs_package in apache::params.

  • manage_security_crs: Manage security_crs.conf rules file.

    Default: true.

  • modsec_dir: Defines the path where Puppet installs the modsec configuration and activated rules links.

    Default: 'On', set by modsec_dir in apache::params. $modsec_dir/activated_rules.

  • modsec_secruleengine: Configures the modsec rules engine. Values: 'On', 'Off', and 'DetectionOnly'.

    Default: modsec_secruleengine in apache::params.

  • restricted_extensions: A space*separated list of prohibited file extensions.

    Default: '.asa/ .asax/ .ascx/ .axd/ .backup/ .bak/ .bat/ .cdx/ .cer/ .cfg/ .cmd/ .com/ .config/ .conf/ .cs/ .csproj/ .csr/ .dat/ .db/ .dbf/ .dll/ .dos/ .htr/ .htw/ .ida/ .idc/ .idq/ .inc/ .ini/ .key/ .licx/ .lnk/ .log/ .mdb/ .old/ .pass/ .pdb/ .pol/ .printer/ .pwd/ .resources/ .resx/ .sql/ .sys/ .vb/ .vbs/ .vbproj/ .vsdisco/ .webinfo/ .xsd/ .xsx/'.

  • restricted_headers: A list of restricted headers separated by slashes and spaces.

    Default: 'Proxy*Connection/ /Lock*Token/ /Content*Range/ /Translate/ /via/ /if/'.

  • secdefaultaction: Configures the Mode of Operation, Self-Contained ('deny') or Collaborative Detection ('pass'), for the OWASP ModSecurity Core Rule Set.

    Default: 'deny'. You can also set full values, such as "log,auditlog,deny,status:406,tag:'SLA 24/7'".

  • secpcrematchlimit: Sets the number for the match limit in the PCRE library.

    Default: 1500.

  • secpcrematchlimitrecursion: Sets the number for the match limit recursion in the PCRE library.

    Default: 1500.

  • logroot: Configures the location of audit and debug logs.

    Defaults to the Apache log directory (Redhat: /var/log/httpd, Debian: /var/log/apache2).

  • audit_log_releavant_status: Configures which response status code is to be considered relevant for the purpose of audit logging.

    Default: '^(?:5|4(?!04))'.

  • audit_log_parts: Sets the sections to be put in the audit log.

    Default: 'ABIJDEFHZ'.

  • anomaly_score_blocking: Activates or deactivates the Collaborative Detection Blocking of the OWASP ModSecurity Core Rule Set.

    Default: 'off'.

  • inbound_anomaly_threshold: Sets the scoring threshold level of the inbound blocking rules for the Collaborative Detection Mode in the OWASP ModSecurity Core Rule Set.

    Default: 5.

  • outbound_anomaly_threshold: Sets the scoring threshold level of the outbound blocking rules for the Collaborative Detection Mode in the OWASP ModSecurity Core Rule Set.

    Default: 4.

  • critical_anomaly_score: Sets the scoring points of the critical severity level for the Collaborative Detection Mode in the OWASP ModSecurity Core Rule Set.

    Default: 5.

  • error_anomaly_score: Sets the scoring points of the error severity level for the Collaborative Detection Mode in the OWASP ModSecurity Core Rule Set.

    Default: 4.

  • warning_anomaly_score: Sets the scoring points of the warning severity level for the Collaborative Detection Mode in the OWASP ModSecurity Core Rule Set.

    Default: 3.

  • notice_anomaly_score: Sets the scoring points of the notice severity level for the Collaborative Detection Mode in the OWASP ModSecurity Core Rule Set.

Default: 2.

  • secrequestmaxnumargs: Sets the Maximum number of arguments in the request.

    Default: 255.

  • secrequestbodylimit: Sets the maximum request body size ModSecurity accepts for buffering.

    Default: '13107200'.

  • secrequestbodynofileslimit: Sets the maximum request body size ModSecurity accepts for buffering, excluding the size of any files being transported in the request.

    Default: '131072'.

  • secrequestbodyinmemorylimit: Sets the maximum request body size that ModSecurity stores in memory.

    Default: '131072'

Class: apache::mod::wsgi

Enables Python support via mod_wsgi.

Parameters:

  • mod_path: Defines the path to the mod_wsgi shared object (.so) file.

    Default: undef.

    • If the mod_path parameter doesn't contain /, Puppet prefixes it with your operating system's default module path. Otherwise, Puppet follows it literally.
  • package_name: Names the package that installs mod_wsgi.

    Default: undef.

  • wsgi_python_home: Defines the WSGIPythonHome directive, such as '/path/to/venv'.

    Values: A string specifying a path.

    Default: undef.

  • wsgi_python_path: Defines the WSGIPythonPath directive, such as '/path/to/venv/site*packages'.

    Values: A string specifying a path.

    Default: undef.

  • wsgi_restrict_embedded: Defines the WSGIRestrictEmbedded directive, such as 'On'.

Values: On|Off|undef.

Default: undef.

  • wsgi_socket_prefix: Defines the [WSGISocketPrefix][] directive, such as "\$APACHE_RUN_DIRWSGI".

    Default: wsgi_socket_prefix in apache::params.

The class's parameters correspond to the module's directives. See the module's documentation for details.

Private Classes

Class: apache::confd::no_accf

Creates the no-accf.conf configuration file in conf.d, required by FreeBSD's Apache 2.4.

Class: apache::default_confd_files

Includes conf.d files for FreeBSD.

Class: apache::default_mods

Installs the Apache modules required to run the default configuration. See the apache class's default_mods parameter for details.

Class: apache::package

Installs and configures basic Apache packages.

Class: apache::params

Manages Apache parameters for different operating systems.

Class: apache::service

Manages the Apache daemon.

Class: apache::version

Attempts to automatically detect the Apache version based on the operating system.

Public defined types

Defined type: apache::balancer

Creates an Apache load balancing group, also known as a balancer cluster, using mod_proxy. Each load balancing group needs one or more balancer members, which you can declare in Puppet with the apache::balancermember defined type.

Declare one apache::balancer defined type for each Apache load balancing group. You can export apache::balancermember defined types for all balancer members and collect them on a single Apache load balancer server using exported resources.

Parameters:

name

Sets the title of the balancer cluster and name of the conf.d file containing its configuration.

proxy_set

Configures key-value pairs as ProxySet lines. Values: a hash.

Default: '{}'.

collect_exported

Determines whether to use exported resources.

If you statically declare all of your backend servers, set this parameter to false to rely on existing, declared balancer member resources. Also, use apache::balancermember with array arguments.

To dynamically declare backend servers via exported resources collected on a central node, set this parameter to true to collect the balancer member resources exported by the balancer member nodes.

If you don't use exported resources, a single Puppet run configures all balancer members. If you use exported resources, Puppet has to run on the balanced nodes first, then run on the balancer.

Boolean.

Default: true.

Defined type: apache::balancermember

Defines members of mod_proxy_balancer, which sets up a balancer member inside a listening service configuration block in the load balancer's apache.cfg.

Parameters:

balancer_cluster

Required.

Sets the Apache service's instance name, and must match the name of a declared apache::balancer resource.

url

Specifies the URL used to contact the balancer member server.

Default: 'http://$fqdn/'.

options

Specifies an array of options after the URL, and accepts any key-value pairs available to ProxyPass.

Default: an empty array.

Defined type: apache::custom_config

Adds a custom configuration file to the Apache server's conf.d directory. If the file is invalid and this defined type's verify_config parameter's value is true, Puppet throws an error during a Puppet run.

Parameters:

ensure

Specifies whether the configuration file should be present.

Values: 'absent', 'present'.

Default: 'present'.

confdir

Sets the directory in which Puppet places configuration files.

Default: the value of $::apache::confd_dir.

content

Sets the configuration file's content. The content and source parameters are exclusive of each other.

Default: undef

filename

Sets the name of the file under confdir in which Puppet stores the configuration.

Default: Filename generated from the priority parameter and the resource name.

priority

Sets the configuration file's priority by prefixing its filename with this parameter's numeric value, as Apache processes configuration files in alphanumeric order.

To omit the priority prefix in the configuration file's name, set this parameter to false.

Default: '25'.

source

Points to the configuration file's source. The content and source parameters are exclusive of each other.

Default: undef

verify_command

Specifies the command Puppet uses to verify the configuration file. Use a fully qualified command.

This parameter is used only if the verify_config parameter's value is true. If the verify_command fails, the Puppet run deletes the configuration file and raises an error, but does not notify the Apache service.

Default: '/usr/sbin/apachectl -t'.

verify_config

Specifies whether to validate the configuration file before notifying the Apache service.

Boolean.

Default: true.

Defined type: apache::fastcgi::server

Defines one or more external FastCGI servers to handle specific file types. Use this defined type with mod_fastcgi.

Parameters

host

Determines the FastCGI's hostname or IP address and TCP port number (1-65535).

Default: '127.0.0.1:9000'.

timeout

Sets the number of seconds a FastCGI application can be inactive before aborting the request and logging the event at the error LogLevel. The inactivity timer applies only as long as a connection is pending with the FastCGI application. If a request is queued to an application, but the application doesn't respond by writing and flushing within this period, the request is aborted. If communication is complete with the application but incomplete with the client (the response is buffered), the timeout does not apply.

Default: 15.

flush

Forces mod_fastcgi to write to the client as data is received from the application. By default, mod_fastcgi buffers data in order to free the application as quickly as possible.

Default: false.

faux_path

Apache has FastCGI handle URIs that resolve to this filename. The path set in this parameter does not have to exist in the local filesystem.

Default: "/var/www/$name.fcgi".

alias

Internally links actions with the FastCGI server. This alias must be unique.

Default: "/$name.fcgi".

file_type

Sets the MIME content-type of the file to be processed by the FastCGI server.

Default: 'application/x-httpd-php'.

Defined type: apache::listen

Adds Listen directives to ports.conf in the Apache configuration directory that define the Apache server's or a virtual host's listening address and port. The apache::vhost class uses this defined type, and titles take the form <PORT>, <IPV4>:<PORT>, or <IPV6>:<PORT>.

Defined type: apache::mod

Installs packages for an Apache module that doesn't have a corresponding apache::mod::<MODULE NAME> class, and checks for or places the module's default configuration files in the Apache server's module and enable directories. The default locations depend on your operating system.

Parameters:

package

Required.

Names the package Puppet uses to install the Apache module.

Default: undef.

package_ensure

Determines whether Puppet ensures the Apache module should be installed.

Values: 'absent', 'present'.

Default: 'present'.

lib

Defines the module's shared object name. Do not configure manually without special reason.

Default: mod_$name.so.

lib_path

Specifies a path to the module's libraries. Do not manually set this parameter without special reason. The path parameter overrides this value.

Default: The apache class's lib_path parameter.

loadfile_name

Sets the filename for the module's LoadFile directive, which can also set the module load order as Apache processes them in alphanumeric order.

Values: Filenames formatted \*.load.

Default: the resource's name followed by 'load', as in '$name.load'.

loadfiles

Specifies an array of LoadFile directives.

Default: undef.

path

Specifies a path to the module. Do not manually set this parameter without a special reason.

Default: lib_path/lib.

Defined type: apache::namevirtualhost

Enables name-based virtual hosts and adds all related directives to the ports.conf file in the Apache HTTPD configuration directory. Titles can take the forms '*', '*:<PORT>', '_default_:<PORT>, '<IP>', or '<IP>:<PORT>'.

Defined type: apache::vhost

The apache module allows a lot of flexibility in the setup and configuration of virtual hosts. This flexibility is due, in part, to vhost being a defined resource type, which allows Apache to evaluate it multiple times with different parameters.

The apache::vhost defined type allows you to have specialized configurations for virtual hosts that have requirements outside the defaults. You can set up a default virtual host within the base ::apache class, as well as set a customized virtual host as the default. Customized virtual hosts have a lower numeric priority than the base class's, causing Apache to process the customized virtual host first.

The apache::vhost defined type uses concat::fragment to build the configuration file. To inject custom fragments for pieces of the configuration that the defined type doesn't inherently support, add a custom fragment.

For the custom fragment's order parameter, the apache::vhost defined type uses multiples of 10, so any order that isn't a multiple of 10 should work.

Note: When creating an apache::vhost, it cannot be named default or default-ssl, because vhosts with these titles are always managed by the module. This means that you cannot override Apache::Vhost['default'] or Apache::Vhost['default-ssl] resources. An optional workaround is to create a vhost named something else, such as my default, and ensure that the default and default_ssl vhosts are set to false:

class { 'apache':
  default_vhost     => false
  default_ssl_vhost => false,
}

Parameters:

access_log

Determines whether to configure *_access.log directives (*_file,*_pipe, or *_syslog).

Boolean.

Default: true.

access_log_env_var

Specifies that only requests with particular environment variables be logged.

Default: undef.

access_log_file

Sets the filename of the *_access.log placed in logroot. Given a virtual host---for instance, example.com---it defaults to 'example.com_ssl.log' for SSL-encrypted virtual hosts and 'example.com_access.log' for unencrypted virtual hosts.

Default: false.

access_log_format

Specifies the use of either a LogFormat nickname or a custom-formatted string for the access log.

Default: 'combined'.

access_log_pipe

Specifies a pipe where Apache sends access log messages.

Default: undef.

access_log_syslog

Sends all access log messages to syslog.

Default: undef.

add_default_charset

Sets a default media charset value for the AddDefaultCharset directive, which is added to text/plain and text/html responses.

Default: undef.

add_listen

Determines whether the virtual host creates a Listen statement.

Setting add_listen to false prevents the virtual host from creating a Listen statement. This is important when combining virtual hosts that aren't passed an ip parameter with those that are.

Boolean.

Default: true.

use_optional_includes

Specifies whether Apache uses the IncludeOptional directive instead of Include for additional_includes in Apache 2.4 or newer.

Boolean.

Default: false.

additional_includes

Specifies paths to additional static, virtual host-specific Apache configuration files. You can use this parameter to implement a unique, custom configuration not supported by this module.

Values: a string or array of strings specifying paths.

Default: an empty array.

aliases

Passes a list of hashes to the virtual host to create Alias, AliasMatch, ScriptAlias or ScriptAliasMatch directives as per the mod_alias documentation.

For example:

aliases => [
  { aliasmatch       => '^/image/(.*)\.jpg$',
    path             => '/files/jpg.images/$1.jpg',
  },
  { alias            => '/image',
    path             => '/ftp/pub/image',
  },
  { scriptaliasmatch => '^/cgi-bin(.*)',
    path             => '/usr/local/share/cgi-bin$1',
  },
  { scriptalias      => '/nagios/cgi-bin/',
    path             => '/usr/lib/nagios/cgi-bin/',
  },
  { alias            => '/nagios',
    path             => '/usr/share/nagios/html',
  },
],

For the alias, aliasmatch, scriptalias and scriptaliasmatch keys to work, each needs a corresponding context, such as <Directory /path/to/directory> or <Location /some/location/here>. Puppet creates the directives in the order specified in the aliases parameter. As described in the mod_alias documentation, add more specific alias, aliasmatch, scriptalias or scriptaliasmatch parameters before the more general ones to avoid shadowing.

Note: Use the aliases parameter instead of the scriptaliases parameter because you can precisely control the order of various alias directives. Defining ScriptAliases using the scriptaliases parameter means all ScriptAlias directives will come after all Alias directives, which can lead to Alias directives shadowing ScriptAlias directives. This often causes problems; for example, this could cause problems with Nagios.

If apache::mod::passenger is loaded and PassengerHighPerformance is true, the Alias directive might not be able to honor the PassengerEnabled => off statement. See this article for details.

allow_encoded_slashes

Sets the AllowEncodedSlashes declaration for the virtual host, overriding the server default. This modifies the virtual host responses to URLs with \ and / characters. Values: 'nodecode', 'off', 'on'. The default setting omits the declaration from the server configuration and selects the Apache default setting of 'Off'.

Default: undef

block

Specifies the list of things to which Apache blocks access. Valid option: 'scm', which blocks web access to .svn, .git, and .bzr directories.

Default: an empty array.

cas_attribute_prefix

Adds a header with the value of this header being the attribute values when SAML validation is enabled.

Defaults: The value set by apache::mod::auth_cas.

cas_attribute_delimiter

Sets the delimiter between attribute values in the header created by cas_attribute_prefix.

Default: The value set by apache::mod::auth_cas.

cas_login_url

Sets the URL to which the module redirects users when they attempt to access a CAS-protected resource and don't have an active session.

Default: The value set by apache::mod::auth_cas.

cas_scrub_request_headers

Remove inbound request headers that may have special meaning within mod_auth_cas.

Default: The value set by apache::mod::auth_cas.

cas_sso_enabled

Enables experimental support for single sign out (may mangle POST data).

Default: The value set by apache::mod::auth_cas.

cas_validate_saml

Parse response from CAS server for SAML.

Default: The value set by apache::mod::auth_cas.

cas_validate_url

Sets the URL to use when validating a client-presented ticket in an HTTP query string.

Defaults to the value set by apache::mod::auth_cas.

custom_fragment

Passes a string of custom configuration directives to place at the end of the virtual host configuration.

Default: undef.

default_vhost

Sets a given apache::vhost defined type as the default to serve requests that do not match any other apache::vhost defined types.

Default: false.

directories

See the directories section.

directoryindex

Sets the list of resources to look for when a client requests an index of the directory by specifying a '/' at the end of the directory name. See the DirectoryIndex directive documentation for details.

Default: undef.

docroot

Required.

Sets the DocumentRoot location, from which Apache serves files.

If docroot and manage_docroot are both set to false, no DocumentRoot will be set and the accompanying <Directory /path/to/directory> block will not be created.

Values: A string specifying a directory path.

docroot_group

Sets group access to the docroot directory.

Values: A string specifying a system group.

Default: 'root'.

docroot_owner

Sets individual user access to the docroot directory.

Values: A string specifying a user account.

Default: 'root'.

docroot_mode

Sets access permissions for the docroot directory, in numeric notation.

Values: A string.

Default: undef.

manage_docroot

Determines whether Puppet manages the docroot directory.

Boolean.

Default: true.

error_log

Specifies whether *_error.log directives should be configured.

Boolean.

Default: true.

error_log_file

Points the virtual host's error logs to a *_error.log file. If this parameter is undefined, Puppet checks for values in error_log_pipe, then error_log_syslog.

If none of these parameters is set, given a virtual host example.com, Puppet defaults to '$logroot/example.com_error_ssl.log' for SSL virtual hosts and '$logroot/example.com_error.log' for non-SSL virtual hosts.

Default: undef.

error_log_pipe

Specifies a pipe to send error log messages to.

This parameter has no effect if the error_log_file parameter has a value. If neither this parameter nor error_log_file has a value, Puppet then checks error_log_syslog.

Default: undef.

error_log_syslog

Determines whether to send all error log messages to syslog.

This parameter has no effect if either of the error_log_file or error_log_pipe parameters has a value. If none of these parameters has a value, given a virtual host example.com, Puppet defaults to '$logroot/example.com_error_ssl.log' for SSL virtual hosts and '$logroot/example.com_error.log' for non-SSL virtual hosts.

Boolean.

Default: undef.

error_documents

A list of hashes which can be used to override the ErrorDocument settings for this virtual host.

For example:

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  error_documents => [
    { 'error_code' => '503', 'document' => '/service-unavail' },
    { 'error_code' => '407', 'document' => 'https://example.com/proxy/login' },
  ],
}

Default: '[]'.

ensure

Specifies if the virtual host is present or absent.

Values: 'absent', 'present'.

Default: 'present'.

fallbackresource

Sets the FallbackResource directive, which specifies an action to take for any URL that doesn't map to anything in your filesystem and would otherwise return 'HTTP 404 (Not Found)'. Values must either begin with a '/' or be 'disabled'.

Default: undef.

fastcgi_idle_timeout

If using fastcgi, this option sets the timeout for the server to respond.

Default: undef.

file_e_tag

Sets the server default for the FileETag declaration, which modifies the response header field for static files.

Values: 'INode', 'MTime', 'Size', 'All', 'None'.

Default: undef, which uses Apache's default setting of 'MTime Size'.

filters

Filters enable smart, context-sensitive configuration of output content filters.

apache::vhost { "$::fqdn":
  filters => [
    'FilterDeclare   COMPRESS',
    'FilterProvider  COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $text/html',
    'FilterChain     COMPRESS',
    'FilterProtocol  COMPRESS DEFLATE change=yes;byteranges=no',
  ],
}
force_type

Sets the ForceType directive, which forces Apache to serve all matching files with a MIME content-type matching this parameter's value.

add_charset

Lets Apache set custom content character sets per directory and/or file extension

headers

Adds lines to replace, merge, or remove response headers. See Apache's mod_headers documentation for more information.

Values: A string or an array of strings.

Default: undef.

ip

Sets the IP address the virtual host listens on. By default, uses Apache's default behavior of listening on all IPs.

Values: A string or an array of strings.

Default: undef.

ip_based

Enables an IP-based virtual host. This parameter inhibits the creation of a NameVirtualHost directive, since those are used to funnel requests to name-based virtual hosts.

Default: false.

itk

Configures ITK in a hash.

Usage typically looks something like:

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot => '/path/to/directory',
  itk     => {
    user  => 'someuser',
    group => 'somegroup',
  },
}

Values: a hash, which can include the keys:

  • user + group
  • assignuseridexpr
  • assigngroupidexpr
  • maxclientvhost
  • nice
  • limituidrange (Linux 3.5.0 or newer)
  • limitgidrange (Linux 3.5.0 or newer)

Usage typically looks like:

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot => '/path/to/directory',
  itk     => {
    user  => 'someuser',
    group => 'somegroup',
  },
}

Default: undef.

jk_mounts

Sets up a virtual host with 'JkMount' and 'JkUnMount' directives to handle the paths for URL mapping between Tomcat and Apache.

The parameter must be an array of hashes where each hash must contain the 'worker' and either the 'mount' or 'unmount' keys.

Usage typically looks like:

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  jk_mounts => [
    { mount   => '/*',     worker => 'tcnode1', },
    { unmount => '/*.jpg', worker => 'tcnode1', },
  ],
}

Default: undef.

keepalive

Determines whether to enable persistent HTTP connections with the KeepAlive directive for the virtual host. By default, the global, server-wide KeepAlive setting is in effect.

Use the keepalive_timeout and max_keepalive_requests parameters to set relevant options for the virtual host.

Values: 'Off', 'On'.

Default: undef

keepalive_timeout

Sets the KeepAliveTimeout directive for the virtual host, which determines the amount of time to wait for subsequent requests on a persistent HTTP connection. By default, the global, server-wide KeepAlive setting is in effect.

This parameter is only relevant if either the global, server-wide keepalive parameter or the per-vhost keepalive parameter is enabled.

Default: undef

max_keepalive_requests

Limits the number of requests allowed per connection to the virtual host. By default, the global, server-wide KeepAlive setting is in effect.

This parameter is only relevant if either the global, server-wide keepalive parameter or the per-vhost keepalive parameter is enabled.

Default: undef.

auth_kerb

Enable mod_auth_kerb parameters for a virtual host.

Usage typically looks like:

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  auth_kerb              => `true`,
  krb_method_negotiate   => 'on',
  krb_auth_realms        => ['EXAMPLE.ORG'],
  krb_local_user_mapping => 'on',
  directories            => {
    path         => '/var/www/html',
    auth_name    => 'Kerberos Login',
    auth_type    => 'Kerberos',
    auth_require => 'valid-user',
  },
}

Related parameters follow the names of mod_auth_kerb directives:

  • krb_method_negotiate: Determines whether to use the Negotiate method. Default: 'on'.
  • krb_method_k5passwd: Determines whether to use password-based authentication for Kerberos v5. Default: 'on'.
  • krb_authoritative: If set to 'off', authentication controls can be passed on to another module. Default: 'on'.
  • krb_auth_realms: Specifies an array of Kerberos realms to use for authentication. Default: '[]'.
  • krb_5keytab: Specifies the Kerberos v5 keytab file's location. Default: undef.
  • krb_local_user_mapping: Strips @REALM from usernames for further use. Default: undef.

Boolean.

Default: false.

krb_verify_kdc

This option can be used to disable the verification tickets against local keytab to prevent KDC spoofing attacks.

Default: 'on'.

krb_servicename

Specifies the service name that will be used by Apache for authentication. Corresponding key of this name must be stored in the keytab.

Default: 'HTTP'.

krb_save_credentials

This option enables credential saving functionality.

Default is 'off'

logroot

Specifies the location of the virtual host's logfiles.

Default: '/var/log//'.

$logroot_ensure

Determines whether or not to remove the logroot directory for a virtual host.

Values: 'directory', 'absent'.

Default: 'directory'.

logroot_mode

Overrides the mode the logroot directory is set to. Do not grant write access to the directory the logs are stored in without being aware of the consequences; for more information, see Apache's log security documentation.

Default: undef.

logroot_owner

Sets individual user access to the logroot directory.

Defaults to undef.

logroot_group

Sets group access to the logroot directory.

Defaults to undef.

log_level

Specifies the verbosity of the error log.

Values: 'emerg', 'alert', 'crit', 'error', 'warn', 'notice', 'info' or 'debug'.

Default: 'warn' for the global server configuration. Can be overridden on a per-virtual host basis.

modsec_body_limit

Configures the maximum request body size (in bytes) ModSecurity accepts for buffering.

Values: An integer.

Default: undef.

modsec_disable_vhost

Disables mod_security on a virtual host. Only valid if apache::mod::security is included.

Boolean.

Default: undef.

modsec_disable_ids

Removes mod_security IDs from the virtual host.

Values: An array of mod_security IDs to remove from the virtual host. Also takes a hash allowing removal of an ID from a specific location.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  modsec_disable_ids => [ 90015, 90016 ],
}
apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  modsec_disable_ids => { '/location1' => [ 90015, 90016 ] },
}

Default: undef.

modsec_disable_ips

Specifies an array of IP addresses to exclude from mod_security rule matching.

Default: undef.

modsec_disable_msgs

Array of mod_security Msgs to remove from the virtual host. Also takes a hash allowing removal of an Msg from a specific location.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  modsec_disable_msgs => [ 'Blind SQL Injection Attack', 'Session Fixation Attack' ],
}
apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  modsec_disable_msgs => { '/location1' => [ 'Blind SQL Injection Attack', 'Session Fixation Attack' ] },
}

Default: undef.

modsec_disable_tags

Array of mod_security Tags to remove from the virtual host. Also takes a hash allowing removal of an Tag from a specific location.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  modsec_disable_tags => [ 'WEB_ATTACK/SQL_INJECTION', 'WEB_ATTACK/XSS' ],
}
apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  modsec_disable_tags => { '/location1' => [ 'WEB_ATTACK/SQL_INJECTION', 'WEB_ATTACK/XSS' ] },
}

Default: undef.

modsec_audit*
  • modsec_audit_log
  • modsec_audit_log_file
  • modsec_audit_log_pipe

These three parameters together determine how to send mod_security audit log (SecAuditLog).

  • If modsec_audit_log_file is set, it is relative to logroot.

    Default: undef.

  • If modsec_audit_log_pipe is set, it should start with a pipe. Example '|/path/to/mlogc /path/to/mlogc.conf'.

    Default: undef.

  • If modsec_audit_log is true, given a virtual host---for instance, example.com---it defaults to 'example.com_security_ssl.log' for SSL-encrypted virtual hosts and 'example.com_security.log' for unencrypted virtual hosts.

    Default: false.

If none of those parameters are set, the global audit log is used (''/var/log/httpd/modsec_audit.log''; Debian and derivatives: ''/var/log/apache2/modsec_audit.log''; others: ).

no_proxy_uris

Specifies URLs you do not want to proxy. This parameter is meant to be used in combination with proxy_dest.

Default: [].

no_proxy_uris_match

This directive is equivalent to no_proxy_uris, but takes regular expressions.

Default: [].

proxy_preserve_host

Sets the ProxyPreserveHost Directive.

Setting this parameter to true enables the Host: line from an incoming request to be proxied to the host instead of hostname. Setting it to false sets this directive to 'Off'.

Boolean.

Default: false.

proxy_add_headers

Sets the ProxyAddHeaders Directive.

This parameter controlls whether proxy-related HTTP headers (X-Forwarded-For, X-Forwarded-Host and X-Forwarded-Server) get sent to the backend server.

Boolean.

Default: false.

proxy_error_override

Sets the ProxyErrorOverride Directive. This directive controls whether Apache should override error pages for proxied content.

Boolean.

Default: false.

options

Sets the Options for the specified virtual host. For example:

apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
  …
  options => ['Indexes','FollowSymLinks','MultiViews'],
}

Note: If you use the directories parameter of apache::vhost, 'Options', 'Override', and 'DirectoryIndex' are ignored because they are parameters within directories.

Default: ['Indexes','FollowSymLinks','MultiViews'],

override

Sets the overrides for the specified virtual host. Accepts an array of AllowOverride arguments.

Default: '[none]'.

passenger_spawn_method

Sets PassengerSpawnMethod, whether Passenger spawns applications directly, or using a prefork copy-on-write mechanism.

Valid options: smart or direct.

Default: undef.

passenger_app_root

Sets PassengerRoot, the location of the Passenger application root if different from the DocumentRoot.

Values: A string specifying a path.

Default: undef.

passenger_app_env

Sets PassengerAppEnv, the environment for the Passenger application. If not specified, defaults to the global setting or 'production'.

Values: A string specifying the name of the environment.

Default: undef.

passenger_log_file

By default, Passenger log messages are written to the Apache global error log. With PassengerLogFile, you can configure those messages to be logged to a different file. This option is only available since Passenger 5.0.5.

Values: A string specifying a path.

Default: undef.

passenger_log_level

This option allows to specify how much information should be written to the log file. If not set, PassengerLogLevel will not show up in the configuration file and the defaults are used.

Default: Passenger versions less than 3.0.0: '0'; 5.0.0 and later: '3'.

passenger_ruby

Sets PassengerRuby, the Ruby interpreter to use for the application, on this virtual host.

Default: undef.

passenger_min_instances

Sets PassengerMinInstances, the minimum number of application processes to run.

passenger_max_requests

Sets PassengerMaxRequests, the maximum number of requests an application process will process.

passenger_max_instances_per_app

Sets PassengerMaxInstancesPerApp, the maximum number of application processes that may simultaneously exist for a single application.

Default: undef.

passenger_start_timeout

Sets PassengerStartTimeout, the timeout for the application startup.

passenger_pre_start

Sets PassengerPreStart, the URL of the application if pre-starting is required.

passenger_user

Sets PassengerUser, the running user for sandboxing applications.

passenger_high_performance

Sets the PassengerHighPerformance parameter.

Values: true, false.

Default: undef.

passenger_nodejs

Sets the PassengerNodejs, the NodeJS interpreter to use for the application, on this virtual host.

passenger_sticky_sessions

Sets the PassengerStickySessions parameter.

Boolean.

Default: undef.

passenger_startup_file

Sets the PassengerStartupFile path. This path is relative to the application root.

php_flags & values

Allows per-virtual host setting php_values or php_flags. These flags or values can be overwritten by a user or an application.

Default: '{}'.

php_admin_flags & values

Allows per-virtual host setting php_admin_values or php_admin_flags. These flags or values cannot be overwritten by a user or an application.

Default: '{}'.

port

Sets the port the host is configured on. The module's defaults ensure the host listens on port 80 for non-SSL virtual hosts and port 443 for SSL virtual hosts. The host only listens on the port set in this parameter.

priority

Sets the relative load-order for Apache HTTPD VirtualHost configuration files.

If nothing matches the priority, the first name-based virtual host is used. Likewise, passing a higher priority causes the alphabetically first name-based virtual host to be used if no other names match.

Note: You should not need to use this parameter. However, if you do use it, be aware that the default_vhost parameter for apache::vhost passes a priority of '15'.

To omit the priority prefix in file names, pass a priority of false.

Default: '25'.

proxy_dest

Specifies the destination address of a ProxyPass configuration.

Default: undef.

proxy_pass

Specifies an array of path => URI values for a ProxyPass configuration. Optionally, parameters can be added as an array.

Default: undef.

apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
  …
  proxy_pass => [
    { 'path' => '/a', 'url' => 'http://backend-a/' },
    { 'path' => '/b', 'url' => 'http://backend-b/' },
    { 'path' => '/c', 'url' => 'http://backend-a/c', 'params' => {'max'=>20, 'ttl'=>120, 'retry'=>300}},
    { 'path' => '/l', 'url' => 'http://backend-xy',
      'reverse_urls' => ['http://backend-x', 'http://backend-y'] },
    { 'path' => '/d', 'url' => 'http://backend-a/d',
      'params' => { 'retry' => '0', 'timeout' => '5' }, },
    { 'path' => '/e', 'url' => 'http://backend-a/e',
      'keywords' => ['nocanon', 'interpolate'] },
    { 'path' => '/f', 'url' => 'http://backend-f/',
      'setenv' => ['proxy-nokeepalive 1','force-proxy-request-1.0 1']},
    { 'path' => '/g', 'url' => 'http://backend-g/',
      'reverse_cookies' => [{'path' => '/g', 'url' => 'http://backend-g/',}, {'domain' => 'http://backend-g', 'url' => 'http:://backend-g',},], },
    { 'path' => '/h', 'url' => 'http://backend-h/h',
      'no_proxy_uris' => ['/h/admin', '/h/server-status'] },
  ],
}
  • reverse_urls. Optional. This setting is useful when used with mod_proxy_balancer. Values: an array or string.
  • reverse_cookies. Optional. Sets ProxyPassReverseCookiePath and ProxyPassReverseCookieDomain.
  • params. Optional. Allows for ProxyPass key-value parameters, such as connection settings.
  • setenv. Optional. Sets environment variables for the proxy directive. Values: array.
proxy_dest_match

This directive is equivalent to proxy_dest, but takes regular expressions, see ProxyPassMatch for details.

proxy_dest_reverse_match

Allows you to pass a ProxyPassReverse if proxy_dest_match is specified. See ProxyPassReverse for details.

proxy_pass_match

This directive is equivalent to proxy_pass, but takes regular expressions, see ProxyPassMatch for details.

rack_base_uris

Specifies the resource identifiers for a rack configuration. The file paths specified are listed as rack application roots for Phusion Passenger in the _rack.erb template.

Default: undef.

passenger_base_uris

Used to specify that the given URI is a Phusion Passenger-served application. The file paths specified are listed as passenger application roots for Phusion Passenger in the _passenger_base_uris.erb template.

Default: undef.

redirect_dest

Specifies the address to redirect to.

Default: undef.

redirect_source

Specifies the source URIs that redirect to the destination specified in redirect_dest. If more than one item for redirect is supplied, the source and destination must be the same length, and the items are order-dependent.

apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
  …
  redirect_source => ['/images','/downloads'],
  redirect_dest   => ['http://img.example.com/','http://downloads.example.com/'],
}
redirect_status

Specifies the status to append to the redirect.

Default: undef.

apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
  …
  redirect_status => ['temp','permanent'],
}
redirectmatch_*
  • redirectmatch_regexp
  • redirectmatch_status
  • redirectmatch_dest

Determines which server status should be raised for a given regular expression and where to forward the user to. Entered as arrays.

Default: undef.

apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
  …
  redirectmatch_status => ['404','404'],
  redirectmatch_regexp => ['\.git(/.*|$)/','\.svn(/.*|$)'],
  redirectmatch_dest => ['http://www.example.com/1','http://www.example.com/2'],
}
request_headers

Modifies collected request headers in various ways, including adding additional request headers, removing request headers, and so on.

Default: undef.

apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
  …
  request_headers => [
    'append MirrorID "mirror 12"',
    'unset MirrorID',
  ],
}
rewrites

Creates URL rewrite rules. Expects an array of hashes.

Values: Hash keys that are any of 'comment', 'rewrite_base', 'rewrite_cond', 'rewrite_rule' or 'rewrite_map'.

Default: undef.

For example, you can specify that anyone trying to access index.html is served welcome.html

apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
  …
  rewrites => [ { rewrite_rule => ['^index\.html$ welcome.html'] } ]
}

The parameter allows rewrite conditions that, when true, execute the associated rule. For instance, if you wanted to rewrite URLs only if the visitor is using IE

apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
  …
  rewrites => [
    {
      comment      => 'redirect IE',
      rewrite_cond => ['%{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^MSIE'],
      rewrite_rule => ['^index\.html$ welcome.html'],
    },
  ],
}

You can also apply multiple conditions. For instance, rewrite index.html to welcome.html only when the browser is Lynx or Mozilla (version 1 or 2)

apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
  …
  rewrites => [
    {
      comment      => 'Lynx or Mozilla v1/2',
      rewrite_cond => ['%{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Lynx/ [OR]', '%{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mozilla/[12]'],
      rewrite_rule => ['^index\.html$ welcome.html'],
    },
  ],
}

Multiple rewrites and conditions are also possible

apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
  …
  rewrites => [
    {
      comment      => 'Lynx or Mozilla v1/2',
      rewrite_cond => ['%{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Lynx/ [OR]', '%{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mozilla/[12]'],
      rewrite_rule => ['^index\.html$ welcome.html'],
    },
    {
      comment      => 'Internet Explorer',
      rewrite_cond => ['%{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^MSIE'],
      rewrite_rule => ['^index\.html$ /index.IE.html [L]'],
    },
    {
      rewrite_base => /apps/,
      rewrite_rule => ['^index\.cgi$ index.php', '^index\.html$ index.php', '^index\.asp$ index.html'],
    },
    { comment      => 'Rewrite to lower case',
      rewrite_cond => ['%{REQUEST_URI} [A-Z]'],
      rewrite_map  => ['lc int:tolower'],
      rewrite_rule => ['(.*) ${lc:$1} [R=301,L]'],
    },
  ],
}

Refer to the mod_rewrite documentation for more details on what is possible with rewrite rules and conditions.

rewrite_inherit

Determines whether the virtual host inherits global rewrite rules.

Default: false.

Rewrite rules may be specified globally (in $conf_file or $confd_dir) or inside the virtual host .conf file. By default, virtual hosts do not inherit global settings. To activate inheritance, specify the rewrites parameter and set rewrite_inherit parameter to true:

apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
  …
  rewrites => [
    <rules>,
  ],
  rewrite_inherit => `true`,
}

Note: The rewrites parameter is required for this to have effect

Apache activates global Rewrite rules inheritance if the virtual host files contains the following directives:

RewriteEngine On
RewriteOptions Inherit

Refer to the official mod_rewrite documentation, section "Rewriting in Virtual Hosts".

scriptalias

Defines a directory of CGI scripts to be aliased to the path '/cgi-bin', such as '/usr/scripts'.

Default: undef.

scriptaliases

Note: This parameter is deprecated in favor of the aliases parameter.

Passes an array of hashes to the virtual host to create either ScriptAlias or ScriptAliasMatch statements per the mod_alias documentation.

scriptaliases => [
  {
    alias => '/myscript',
    path  => '/usr/share/myscript',
  },
  {
    aliasmatch => '^/foo(.*)',
    path       => '/usr/share/fooscripts$1',
  },
  {
    aliasmatch => '^/bar/(.*)',
    path       => '/usr/share/bar/wrapper.sh/$1',
  },
  {
    alias => '/neatscript',
    path  => '/usr/share/neatscript',
  },
]

The ScriptAlias and ScriptAliasMatch directives are created in the order specified. As with Alias and AliasMatch directives, specify more specific aliases before more general ones to avoid shadowing.

serveradmin

Specifies the email address Apache displays when it renders one of its error pages.

Default: undef.

serveraliases

Sets the ServerAliases of the site.

Default: '[]'.

servername

Sets the servername corresponding to the hostname you connect to the virtual host at.

Default: the title of the resource.

setenv

Used by HTTPD to set environment variables for virtual hosts.

Default: '[]'.

Example:

apache::vhost { 'setenv.example.com':
  setenv => ['SPECIAL_PATH /foo/bin'],
}
setenvif

Used by HTTPD to conditionally set environment variables for virtual hosts.

Default: '[]'.

setenvifnocase

Used by HTTPD to conditionally set environment variables for virtual hosts (caseless matching).

Default: '[]'.

suphp_*
  • suphp_addhandler
  • suphp_configpath
  • suphp_engine

Sets up a virtual host with suPHP.

  • suphp_addhandler. Default: 'php5-script' on RedHat and FreeBSD, and 'x-httpd-php' on Debian and Gentoo.
  • suphp_configpath. Default: undef on RedHat and FreeBSD, and '/etc/php5/apache2' on Debian and Gentoo.
  • suphp_engine. Values: 'on' or 'off'. Default: 'off'.

An example virtual host configuration with suPHP:

apache::vhost { 'suphp.example.com':
  port             => '80',
  docroot          => '/home/appuser/myphpapp',
  suphp_addhandler => 'x-httpd-php',
  suphp_engine     => 'on',
  suphp_configpath => '/etc/php5/apache2',
  directories      => { path => '/home/appuser/myphpapp',
    'suphp'        => { user => 'myappuser', group => 'myappgroup' },
  }
}
vhost_name

Enables name-based virtual hosting. If no IP is passed to the virtual host, but the virtual host is assigned a port, then the virtual host name is 'vhost_name:port'. If the virtual host has no assigned IP or port, the virtual host name is set to the title of the resource.

Default: '*'.

virtual_docroot

Sets up a virtual host with a wildcard alias subdomain mapped to a directory with the same name. For example, 'http://example.com' would map to '/var/www/example.com'.

Default: false.

apache::vhost { 'subdomain.loc':
  vhost_name      => '*',
  port            => '80',
  virtual_docroot => '/var/www/%-2+',
  docroot         => '/var/www',
  serveraliases   => ['*.loc',],
}
wsgi*
  • wsgi_daemon_process
  • wsgi_daemon_process_options
  • wsgi_process_group
  • wsgi_script_aliases
  • wsgi_pass_authorization

Sets up a virtual host with WSGI.

  • wsgi_daemon_process: A hash that sets the name of the WSGI daemon, accepting certain keys. Default: undef.
  • wsgi_daemon_process_options. Optional. Default: undef.
  • wsgi_process_group: Sets the group ID that the virtual host runs under. Default: undef.
  • wsgi_script_aliases: Requires a hash of web paths to filesystem .wsgi paths. Default: undef.
  • wsgi_script_aliases_match: Requires a hash of web path regexes to filesystem .wsgi paths. Default: undef
  • wsgi_pass_authorization: Uses the WSGI application to handle authorization instead of Apache when set to 'On'. For more information, see mod_wsgi's WSGIPassAuthorization documentation. Default: undef, leading Apache to use its default value of 'Off'.
  • wsgi_chunked_request: Enables support for chunked requests. Default: undef.

An example virtual host configuration with WSGI:

apache::vhost { 'wsgi.example.com':
  port                        => '80',
  docroot                     => '/var/www/pythonapp',
  wsgi_daemon_process         => 'wsgi',
  wsgi_daemon_process_options =>
    { processes    => '2',
      threads      => '15',
      display-name => '%{GROUP}',
     },
  wsgi_process_group          => 'wsgi',
  wsgi_script_aliases         => { '/' => '/var/www/demo.wsgi' },
  wsgi_chunked_request        => 'On',
}

Parameter directories for apache::vhost

The directories parameter within the apache::vhost class passes an array of hashes to the virtual host to create Directory, File, and Location directive blocks. These blocks take the form, '< Directory /path/to/directory>...< /Directory>'.

The path key sets the path for the directory, files, and location blocks. Its value must be a path for the 'directory', 'files', and 'location' providers, or a regex for the 'directorymatch', 'filesmatch', or 'locationmatch' providers. Each hash passed to directories must contain path as one of the keys.

The provider key is optional. If missing, this key defaults to 'directory'. Values: 'directory', 'files', 'proxy', 'location', 'directorymatch', 'filesmatch', 'proxymatch' or 'locationmatch'. If you set provider to 'directorymatch', it uses the keyword 'DirectoryMatch' in the Apache config file.

An example use of directories:

apache::vhost { 'files.example.net':
  docroot     => '/var/www/files',
  directories => [
    { 'path'     => '/var/www/files',
      'provider' => 'files',
      'deny'     => 'from all',
     },
  ],
}

Note: At least one directory should match the docroot parameter. After you start declaring directories, apache::vhost assumes that all required Directory blocks will be declared. If not defined, a single default Directory block is created that matches the docroot parameter.

Available handlers, represented as keys, should be placed within the directory, files, or location hashes. This looks like

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [ { path => '/path/to/directory', handler => value } ],
}

Any handlers you do not set in these hashes are considered 'undefined' within Puppet and are not added to the virtual host, resulting in the module using their default values. Supported handlers are:

addhandlers

Sets AddHandler directives, which map filename extensions to the specified handler. Accepts a list of hashes, with extensions serving to list the extensions being managed by the handler, and takes the form: { handler => 'handler-name', extensions => ['extension'] }.

An example:

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path        => '/path/to/directory',
      addhandlers => [{ handler => 'cgi-script', extensions => ['.cgi']}],
    },
  ],
}
allow

Sets an Allow directive, which groups authorizations based on hostnames or IPs. Deprecated: This parameter is being deprecated due to a change in Apache. It only works with Apache 2.2 and lower. You can use it as a single string for one rule or as an array for more than one.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path  => '/path/to/directory',
      allow => 'from example.org',
    },
  ],
}
allow_override

Sets the types of directives allowed in .htaccess files. Accepts an array.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot      => '/path/to/directory',
  directories  => [
    { path           => '/path/to/directory',
      allow_override => ['AuthConfig', 'Indexes'],
    },
  ],
}
auth_basic_authoritative

Sets the value for AuthBasicAuthoritative, which determines whether authorization and authentication are passed to lower level Apache modules.

auth_basic_fake

Sets the value for AuthBasicFake, which statically configures authorization credentials for a given directive block.

auth_basic_provider

Sets the value for AuthBasicProvider, which sets the authentication provider for a given location.

auth_digest_algorithm

Sets the value for AuthDigestAlgorithm, which selects the algorithm used to calculate the challenge and response hashes.

auth_digest_domain

Sets the value for AuthDigestDomain, which allows you to specify one or more URIs in the same protection space for digest authentication.

auth_digest_nonce_lifetime

Sets the value for AuthDigestNonceLifetime, which controls how long the server nonce is valid.

auth_digest_provider

Sets the value for AuthDigestProvider, which sets the authentication provider for a given location.

auth_digest_qop

Sets the value for AuthDigestQop, which determines the quality-of-protection to use in digest authentication.

auth_digest_shmem_size

Sets the value for AuthAuthDigestShmemSize, which defines the amount of shared memory allocated to the server for keeping track of clients.

auth_group_file

Sets the value for AuthGroupFile, which sets the name of the text file containing the list of user groups for authorization.

auth_name

Sets the value for AuthName, which sets the name of the authorization realm.

auth_require

Sets the entity name you're requiring to allow access. Read more about Require.

auth_type

Sets the value for AuthType, which guides the type of user authentication.

auth_user_file

Sets the value for AuthUserFile, which sets the name of the text file containing the users/passwords for authentication.

auth_merging

Sets the value for AuthMerging, which determines if authorization logic should be combined

auth_ldap_url

Sets the value for AuthLDAPURL, which determines URL of LDAP-server(s) if AuthBasicProvider 'ldap' is used

auth_ldap_bind_dn

Sets the value for AuthLDAPBindDN, which allows use of an optional DN used to bind to the LDAP-server when searching for entries if AuthBasicProvider 'ldap' is used.

auth_ldap_bind_password

Sets the value for AuthLDAPBindPassword, which allows use of an optional bind password to use in conjunction with the bind DN if AuthBasicProvider 'ldap' is used.

auth_ldap_group_attribute

Array of values for AuthLDAPGroupAttribute, specifies which LDAP attributes are used to check for user members within ldap-groups.

Default: "member" and "uniquemember".

auth_ldap_group_attribute_is_dn

Sets value for AuthLDAPGroupAttributeIsDN, specifies if member of a ldapgroup is a dn or simple username. When set on, this directive says to use the distinguished name of the client username when checking for group membership. Otherwise, the username will be used. valid values are: "on" or "off"

custom_fragment

Pass a string of custom configuration directives to be placed at the end of the directory configuration.

apache::vhost { 'monitor':
  …
  directories => [
    {
      path => '/path/to/directory',
      custom_fragment => '
<Location /balancer-manager>
  SetHandler balancer-manager
  Order allow,deny
  Allow from all
</Location>
<Location /server-status>
  SetHandler server-status
  Order allow,deny
  Allow from all
</Location>
ProxyStatus On',
    },
  ]
}
dav

Sets the value for Dav, which determines if the WebDAV HTTP methods should be enabled. The value can be either 'On', 'Off' or the name of the provider. A value of 'On' enables the default filesystem provider implemented by the mod_dav_fs module.

dav_depth_infinity

Sets the value for DavDepthInfinity, which is used to enable the processing of PROPFIND requests having a Depth: Infinity header.

dav_min_timeout

Sets the value for DavMinTimeout, which sets the time the server holds a lock on a DAV resource. The value should be the number of seconds to set.

deny

Sets a Deny directive, specifying which hosts are denied access to the server. Deprecated: This parameter is being deprecated due to a change in Apache. It only works with Apache 2.2 and lower. You can use it as a single string for one rule or as an array for more than one.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path => '/path/to/directory',
      deny => 'from example.org',
    },
  ],
}
error_documents

An array of hashes used to override the ErrorDocument settings for the directory.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  directories => [
    { path            => '/srv/www',
      error_documents => [
        { 'error_code' => '503',
          'document'   => '/service-unavail',
        },
      ],
    },
  ],
}
ext_filter_options

Sets the ExtFilterOptions directive. Note that you must declare class { 'apache::mod::ext_filter': } before using this directive.

apache::vhost { 'filter.example.org':
  docroot     => '/var/www/filter',
  directories => [
    { path               => '/var/www/filter',
      ext_filter_options => 'LogStderr Onfail=abort',
    },
  ],
}
geoip_enable

Sets the GeoIPEnable directive. Note that you must declare class {'apache::mod::geoip': } before using this directive.

apache::vhost { 'first.example.com':
  docroot     => '/var/www/first',
  directories => [
    { path         => '/var/www/first',
      geoip_enable => `true`,
    },
  ],
}
headers

Adds lines for Header directives.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => {
    path    => '/path/to/directory',
    headers => 'Set X-Robots-Tag "noindex, noarchive, nosnippet"',
  },
}
index_options

Allows configuration settings for directory indexing.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path           => '/path/to/directory',
      directoryindex => 'disabled', # this is needed on Apache 2.4 or mod_autoindex doesn't work
      options        => ['Indexes','FollowSymLinks','MultiViews'],
      index_options  => ['IgnoreCase', 'FancyIndexing', 'FoldersFirst', 'NameWidth=*', 'DescriptionWidth=*', 'SuppressHTMLPreamble'],
    },
  ],
}
index_order_default

Sets the default ordering of the directory index.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path                => '/path/to/directory',
      order               => 'Allow,Deny',
      index_order_default => ['Descending', 'Date'],
    },
  ],
}
index_style_sheet

Sets the IndexStyleSheet, which adds a CSS stylesheet to the directory index.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path              => '/path/to/directory',
      options           => ['Indexes','FollowSymLinks','MultiViews'],
      index_options     => ['FancyIndexing'],
      index_style_sheet => '/styles/style.css',
    },
  ],
}
limit

Creates a Limit block inside the Directory block, which can also contain require directives.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/docroot',
  directories => [
    { path     => '/',
      provider => 'location',
      limit    => [
        { methods => 'GET HEAD',
          require => ['valid-user']
        },
      ],
    },
  ],
}
limit_except

Creates a LimitExcept block inside the Directory block, which can also contain require directives.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/docroot',
  directories => [
    { path         => '/',
      provider     => 'location',
      limit_except => [
        { methods => 'GET HEAD',
          require => ['valid-user']
        },
      ],
    },
  ],
}
mellon_enable

Sets the MellonEnable directory to enable mod_auth_mellon. You can use apache::mod::auth_mellon to install mod_auth_mellon.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path                       => '/',
      provider                   => 'directory',
      mellon_enable              => 'info',
      mellon_sp_private_key_file => '/etc/certs/${::fqdn}.key',
      mellon_endpoint_path       => '/mellon',
      mellon_set_env_no_prefix   => { 'ADFS_GROUP' => 'http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/claims/Group',
                                      'ADFS_EMAIL' => 'http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/claims/EmailAddress', },
      mellon_user => 'ADFS_LOGIN',
    },
    { path          => '/protected',
      provider      => 'location',
      mellon_enable => 'auth',
      auth_type     => 'Mellon',
      auth_require  => 'valid-user',
      mellon_cond   => ['ADFS_LOGIN userA [MAP]','ADFS_LOGIN userB [MAP]'],
    },
  ]
}

Related parameters follow the names of mod_auth_mellon directives:

  • mellon_cond: Takes an array of mellon conditions that must be met to grant access, and creates a MellonCond directive for each item in the array.
  • mellon_endpoint_path: Sets the MellonEndpointPath to set the mellon endpoint path.
  • mellon_sp_metadata_file: Sets the MellonSPMetadataFile location of the SP metadata file.
  • mellon_idp_metadata_file: Sets the MellonIDPMetadataFile location of the IDP metadata file.
  • mellon_saml_rsponse_dump: Sets the MellonSamlResponseDump directive to enable debug of SAML.
  • mellon_set_env_no_prefix: Sets the MellonSetEnvNoPrefix directive to a hash of attribute names to map to environment variables.
  • mellon_sp_private_key_file: Sets the MellonSPPrivateKeyFile directive for the private key location of the service provider.
  • mellon_sp_cert_file: Sets the MellonSPCertFile directive for the public key location of the service provider.
  • mellon_user: Sets the MellonUser attribute to use for the username.
options

Lists the Options for the given Directory block.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path    => '/path/to/directory',
      options => ['Indexes','FollowSymLinks','MultiViews'],
    },
  ],
}
order

Sets the order of processing Allow and Deny statements as per Apache core documentation. Deprecated: This parameter is being deprecated due to a change in Apache. It only works with Apache 2.2 and lower.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path  => '/path/to/directory',
      order => 'Allow,Deny',
    },
  ],
}
passenger_enabled

Sets the value for the PassengerEnabled directive to 'on' or 'off'. Requires apache::mod::passenger to be included.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path              => '/path/to/directory',
      passenger_enabled => 'on',
    },
  ],
}

Note: There is an issue using the PassengerEnabled directive with the PassengerHighPerformance directive.

php_value and php_flag

php_value sets the value of the directory, and php_flag uses a boolean to configure the directory. Further information can be found here.

php_admin_value and php_admin_flag

php_admin_value sets the value of the directory, and php_admin_flag uses a boolean to configure the directory. Further information can be found here.

require

Sets a Require directive as per the Apache Authz documentation. If no require is set, it will default to Require all granted.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path    => '/path/to/directory',
      require => 'ip 10.17.42.23',
    }
  ],
}

When more complex sets of requirement are needed, apache >= 2.4 provides the use of RequireAll, RequireNone or RequireAny directives. Using the 'enforce' key, which only supports 'any','none','all' (other values are silently ignored), this could be established like:

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path    => '/path/to/directory',
      require => {
        enforce  => 'any',
        requires => [
          'ip 1.2.3.4',
          'not host host.example.com',
          'user xyz',
        ],
      },
    },
  ],
}

If require is set to unmanaged it will not be set at all. This is useful for complex authentication/authorization requirements which are handled in a custom fragment.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path    => '/path/to/directory',
      require => 'unmanaged',
    }
  ],
}
satisfy

Sets a Satisfy directive per the Apache Core documentation. Deprecated: This parameter is deprecated due to a change in Apache and only works with Apache 2.2 and lower.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path    => '/path/to/directory',
      satisfy => 'Any',
    }
  ],
}
sethandler

Sets a SetHandler directive per the Apache Core documentation.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path       => '/path/to/directory',
      sethandler => 'None',
    }
  ],
}
set_output_filter

Sets a SetOutputFilter directive per the Apache Core documentation.

apache::vhost{ 'filter.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path              => '/path/to/directory',
      set_output_filter => puppetdb-strip-resource-params,
    },
  ],
}
rewrites

Creates URL rewrites rules in virtual host directories. Expects an array of hashes, and the hash keys can be any of 'comment', 'rewrite_base', 'rewrite_cond', or 'rewrite_rule'.

apache::vhost { 'secure.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path        => '/path/to/directory',
      rewrites => [ { comment      => 'Permalink Rewrites',
                      rewrite_base => '/'
                    },
                    { rewrite_rule => [ '^index\.php$ - [L]' ]
                    },
                    { rewrite_cond => [ '%{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f',
                                        '%{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d',
                                      ],
                      rewrite_rule => [ '. /index.php [L]' ],
                    }
                  ],
    },
  ],
}

Note: If you include rewrites in your directories, also include apache::mod::rewrite and consider setting the rewrites using the rewrites parameter in apache::vhost rather than setting the rewrites in the virtual host's directories.

shib_request_settings

Allows a valid content setting to be set or altered for the application request. This command takes two parameters: the name of the content setting, and the value to set it to. Check the Shibboleth content setting documentation for valid settings. This key is disabled if apache::mod::shib is not defined. Check the mod_shib documentation for more details.

apache::vhost { 'secure.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path                  => '/path/to/directory',
      shib_request_settings => { 'requiresession' => 'On' },
      shib_use_headers      => 'On',
    },
  ],
}
shib_use_headers

When set to 'On', this turns on the use of request headers to publish attributes to applications. Values for this key is 'On' or 'Off', and the default value is 'Off'. This key is disabled if apache::mod::shib is not defined. Check the mod_shib documentation for more details.

ssl_options

String or list of SSLOptions, which configure SSL engine run-time options. This handler takes precedence over SSLOptions set in the parent block of the virtual host.

apache::vhost { 'secure.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path        => '/path/to/directory',
      ssl_options => '+ExportCertData',
    },
    { path        => '/path/to/different/dir',
      ssl_options => [ '-StdEnvVars', '+ExportCertData'],
    },
  ],
}
suphp

A hash containing the 'user' and 'group' keys for the suPHP_UserGroup setting. It must be used with suphp_engine => on in the virtual host declaration, and can only be passed within directories.

apache::vhost { 'secure.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path  => '/path/to/directory',
      suphp => {
        user  => 'myappuser',
        group => 'myappgroup',
      },
    },
  ],
}
additional_includes

Specifies paths to additional static, specific Apache configuration files in virtual host directories. Values: a array of string path.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
  directories => [
    { path  => '/path/to/different/dir',
      additional_includes => [ '/custom/path/includes', '/custom/path/another_includes', ],
    },
  ],
}

SSL parameters for apache::vhost

All of the SSL parameters for ::vhost default to whatever is set in the base apache class. Use the below parameters to tweak individual SSL settings for specific virtual hosts.

ssl

Enables SSL for the virtual host. SSL virtual hosts only respond to HTTPS queries. Values: Boolean.

Default: false.

ssl_ca

Specifies the SSL certificate authority to be used to verify client certificates used for authentication. You must also set ssl_verify_client to use this.

Default: undef.

ssl_cert

Specifies the SSL certification.

Default: Depends on operating system.

  • RedHat: '/etc/pki/tls/certs/localhost.crt'
  • Debian: '/etc/ssl/certs/ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem'
  • FreeBSD: '/usr/local/etc/apache22/server.crt'
  • Gentoo: '/etc/ssl/apache2/server.crt'
ssl_protocol

Specifies SSLProtocol. Expects an array or space separated string of accepted protocols.

Defaults: 'all', '-SSLv2', '-SSLv3'.

ssl_cipher

Specifies SSLCipherSuite.

Default: 'HIGH:MEDIUM:!aNULL:!MD5'.

ssl_honorcipherorder

Sets SSLHonorCipherOrder, to cause Apache to use the server's preferred order of ciphers rather than the client's preferred order. Values:

Values: Boolean, 'on', 'off'.

Default: true.

ssl_certs_dir

Specifies the location of the SSL certification directory to verify client certs. Will not be used unless ssl_verify_client is also set (see below).

Default: undef

ssl_chain

Specifies the SSL chain. This default works out of the box, but it must be updated in the base apache class with your specific certificate information before being used in production.

Default: undef.

ssl_crl

Specifies the certificate revocation list to use. (This default works out of the box but must be updated in the base apache class with your specific certificate information before being used in production.)

Default: undef.

ssl_crl_path

Specifies the location of the certificate revocation list to verify certificates for client authentication with. (This default works out of the box but must be updated in the base apache class with your specific certificate information before being used in production.)

Default: undef.

ssl_crl_check

Sets the certificate revocation check level via the SSLCARevocationCheck directive for ssl client authentication. The default works out of the box but must be specified when using CRLs in production. Only applicable to Apache 2.4 or higher; the value is ignored on older versions.

Default: undef.

ssl_key

Specifies the SSL key.

Defaults are based on your operating system. Default work out of the box but must be updated in the base apache class with your specific certificate information before being used in production.

  • RedHat: '/etc/pki/tls/private/localhost.key'
  • Debian: '/etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key'
  • FreeBSD: '/usr/local/etc/apache22/server.key'
  • Gentoo: '/etc/ssl/apache2/server.key'
ssl_verify_client

Sets the SSLVerifyClient directive, which sets the certificate verification level for client authentication.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  …
  ssl_verify_client => 'optional',
}

Values: 'none', 'optional', 'require', and 'optional_no_ca'.

Default: undef.

ssl_verify_depth

Sets the SSLVerifyDepth directive, which specifies the maximum depth of CA certificates in client certificate verification. You must set ssl_verify_client for it to take effect.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  …
  ssl_verify_client => 'require',
  ssl_verify_depth => 1,
}

Default: undef.

ssl_proxy_protocol

Sets the SSLProxyProtocol directive, which controls which SSL protocol flavors mod_ssl should use when establishing its server environment for proxy. It connects to servers using only one of the provided protocols.

Default: undef.

ssl_proxy_verify

Sets the SSLProxyVerify directive, which configures certificate verification of the remote server when a proxy is configured to forward requests to a remote SSL server.

Default: undef.

ssl_proxy_verify_depth

Sets the SSLProxyVerifyDepth directive, which configures how deeply mod_ssl should verify before deciding that the remote server does not have a valid certificate.

A depth of 0 means that only self-signed remote server certificates are accepted, the default depth of 1 means the remote server certificate can be self-signed or signed by a CA that is directly known to the server.

Default: undef

ssl_proxy_ca_cert

Sets the SSLProxyCACertificateFile directive, which specifies an all-in-one file where you can assemble the Certificates of Certification Authorities (CA) whose remote servers you deal with. These are used for Remote Server Authentication. This file should be a concatenation of the PEM-encoded certificate files in order of preference.

Default: undef

ssl_proxy_machine_cert

Sets the SSLProxyMachineCertificateFile directive, which specifies an all-in-one file where you keep the certs and keys used for this server to authenticate itself to remote servers. This file should be a concatenation of the PEM-encoded certificate files in order of preference.

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  …
  ssl_proxy_machine_cert => '/etc/httpd/ssl/client_certificate.pem',
}

Default: undef

ssl_proxy_check_peer_cn

Sets the SSLProxyCheckPeerCN directive, which specifies whether the remote server certificate's CN field is compared against the hostname of the request URL.

Values: 'on', 'off'.

Default: undef

ssl_proxy_check_peer_name

Sets the SSLProxyCheckPeerName directive, which specifies whether the remote server certificate's CN field is compared against the hostname of the request URL.

Values: 'on', 'off'.

Default: undef

ssl_proxy_check_peer_expire

Sets the SSLProxyCheckPeerExpire directive, which specifies whether the remote server certificate is checked for expiration or not.

Values: 'on', 'off'.

Default: undef

ssl_options

Sets the SSLOptions directive, which configures various SSL engine run-time options. This is the global setting for the given virtual host and can be a string or an array.

A string:

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  …
  ssl_options => '+ExportCertData',
}

An array:

apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
  …
  ssl_options => [ '+StrictRequire', '+ExportCertData' ],
}

Default: undef.

ssl_openssl_conf_cmd

Sets the SSLOpenSSLConfCmd directive, which provides direct configuration of OpenSSL parameters.

Default: undef

ssl_proxyengine

Specifies whether or not to use SSLProxyEngine.

Boolean.

Default: true.

ssl_stapling

Specifies whether or not to use SSLUseStapling. By default, uses what is set globally.

This parameter only applies to Apache 2.4 or higher and is ignored on older versions.

Boolean or undef.

Default: undef

ssl_stapling_timeout

Can be used to set the SSLStaplingResponderTimeout directive.

This parameter only applies to Apache 2.4 or higher and is ignored on older versions.

Default: none.

ssl_stapling_return_errors

Can be used to set the SSLStaplingReturnResponderErrors directive.

This parameter only applies to Apache 2.4 or higher and is ignored on older versions.

Default: none.

Defined type: FastCGI Server

This type is intended for use with mod_fastcgi. It allows you to define one or more external FastCGI servers to handle specific file types.

** Note ** If using Ubuntu 10.04+, you'll need to manually enable the multiverse repository.

Ex:

apache::fastcgi::server { 'php':
  host        => '127.0.0.1:9000',
  timeout     => 15,
  flush       => `false`,
  faux_path   => '/var/www/php.fcgi',
  fcgi_alias  => '/php.fcgi',
  file_type   => 'application/x-httpd-php',
  pass_header => ''
}

Within your virtual host, you can then configure the specified file type to be handled by the fastcgi server specified above.

apache::vhost { 'www':
  ...
  custom_fragment => 'AddType application/x-httpd-php .php'
  ...
}
host

The hostname or IP address and TCP port number (1-65535) of the FastCGI server.

It is also possible to pass a unix socket:

apache::fastcgi::server { 'php':
  host        => '/var/run/fcgi.sock',
}
timeout

The number of seconds of FastCGI application inactivity allowed before the request is aborted and the event is logged (at the error LogLevel). The inactivity timer applies only as long as a connection is pending with the FastCGI application. If a request is queued to an application, but the application doesn't respond (by writing and flushing) within this period, the request is aborted. If communication is complete with the application but incomplete with the client (the response is buffered), the timeout does not apply.

flush

Force a write to the client as data is received from the application. By default, mod_fastcgi buffers data in order to free the application as quickly as possible.

faux_path

Does not have to exist in the local filesystem. URIs that Apache resolves to this filename are handled by this external FastCGI application.

alias

A unique alias. This is used internally to link the action with the FastCGI server.

file_type

The MIME-type of the file to be processed by the FastCGI server.

pass_header

The name of an HTTP Request Header to be passed in the request environment. This option makes available the contents of headers which are normally not available (e.g. Authorization) to a CGI environment.

Defined type: apache::vhost::custom

The apache::vhost::custom defined type is a thin wrapper around the apache::custom_config defined type, and simply overrides some of its default settings specific to the virtual host directory in Apache.

Parameters within apache::vhost::custom:

content

Sets the configuration file's content.

ensure

Specifies if the virtual host file is present or absent.

Values: 'absent', 'present'.

Default: 'present'.

priority

Sets the relative load order for Apache HTTPD VirtualHost configuration files.

Default: '25'.

verify_config

Specifies whether to validate the configuration file before notifying the Apache service.

Boolean.

Default: true.

Private defined types

Defined type: apache::peruser::multiplexer

This defined type checks if an Apache module has a class. If it does, it includes that class. If it does not, it passes the module name to the apache::mod defined type.

Defined type: apache::peruser::multiplexer

Enables the Peruser module for FreeBSD only.

Defined type: apache::peruser::processor

Enables the Peruser module for FreeBSD only.

Defined type: apache::security::file_link

Links the activated_rules from apache::mod::security to the respective CRS rules on disk.

Templates

The Apache module relies heavily on templates to enable the apache::vhost and apache::mod defined types. These templates are built based on Facter facts specific to your operating system. Unless explicitly called out, most templates are not meant for configuration.

Tasks

The Apache module has a task that allows a user to reload the Apache config without restarting the service. Please refer to to the PE documentation or Bolt documentation on how to execute a task.

Functions

apache_pw_hash

Hashes a password in a format suitable for htpasswd files read by apache.

Currently uses SHA-hashes, because although this format is considered insecure, its the most secure format supported by the most platforms.

Limitations

General

This module is CI tested against both open source Puppet and Puppet Enterprise on:

  • CentOS 5 and 6
  • Ubuntu 12.04 and 14.04
  • Debian 7
  • RHEL 5, 6, and 7

This module also provides functions for other distributions and operating systems, such as FreeBSD, Gentoo, and Amazon Linux, but is not formally tested on them and are subject to regressions.

FreeBSD

In order to use this module on FreeBSD, you must use apache24-2.4.12 (www/apache24) or newer.

Gentoo

On Gentoo, this module depends on the gentoo/puppet-portage Puppet module. Although several options apply or enable certain features and settings for Gentoo, it is not a supported operating system for this module.

RHEL/CentOS

The apache::mod::auth_cas, apache::mod::passenger, apache::mod::proxy_html and apache::mod::shib classes are not functional on RH/CentOS without providing dependency packages from extra repositories.

See their respective documentation below for related repositories and packages.

RHEL/CentOS 5

The apache::mod::passenger and apache::mod::proxy_html classes are untested because repositories are missing compatible packages.

RHEL/CentOS 6

The apache::mod::passenger class is not installing, because the the EL6 repository is missing compatible packages.

RHEL/CentOS 7

The apache::mod::passenger and apache::mod::proxy_html classes are untested because the EL7 repository is missing compatible packages, which also blocks us from testing the apache::vhost defined type's rack_base_uris parameter.

SELinux and custom paths

If SELinux is in enforcing mode and you want to use custom paths for logroot, mod_dir, vhost_dir, and docroot, you need to manage the files' context yourself.

You can do this with Puppet:

exec { 'set_apache_defaults':
  command => 'semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_content_t "/custom/path(/.*)?"',
  path    => '/bin:/usr/bin/:/sbin:/usr/sbin',
  require => Package['policycoreutils-python'],
}

package { 'policycoreutils-python':
  ensure => installed,
}

exec { 'restorecon_apache':
  command => 'restorecon -Rv /apache_spec',
  path    => '/bin:/usr/bin/:/sbin:/usr/sbin',
  before  => Class['Apache::Service'],
  require => Class['apache'],
}

class { 'apache': }

host { 'test.server':
  ip => '127.0.0.1',
}

file { '/custom/path':
  ensure => directory,
}

file { '/custom/path/include':
  ensure  => present,
  content => '#additional_includes',
}

apache::vhost { 'test.server':
  docroot             => '/custom/path',
  additional_includes => '/custom/path/include',
}

You must set the contexts using semanage fcontext instead of chcon because Puppet's file resources reset the values' context in the database if the resource doesn't specify it.

Ubuntu 10.04

The apache::vhost::WSGIImportScript parameter creates a statement inside the virtual host that is unsupported on older versions of Apache, causing it to fail. This will be remedied in a future refactoring.

Ubuntu 16.04

The [apache::mod::suphp][] class is untested since repositories are missing compatible packages.

Development

Contributing

Puppet modules on the Puppet Forge are open projects, and community contributions are essential for keeping them great. We can’t access the huge number of platforms and myriad hardware, software, and deployment configurations that Puppet is intended to serve.

We want to make it as easy as possible to contribute changes so our modules work in your environment, but we also need contributors to follow a few guidelines to help us maintain and improve the modules' quality.

For more information, please read the complete module contribution guide and check out CONTRIBUTING.md.